trichome

[trik-ohm, trahy-kohm]

noun

Botany. an outgrowth from the epidermis of plants, as a hair.
a microorganism composed of many filamentous cells arranged in strands or chains.

Nearby words

  1. trichogyne,
  2. trichoid,
  3. tricholith,
  4. trichologia,
  5. trichology,
  6. trichomegaly,
  7. trichomic,
  8. trichomonacide,
  9. trichomonad,
  10. trichomonas

Origin of trichome

First recorded in 1870–75, trichome is from the Greek word tríchōma growth of hair. See trich-, -oma

Related formstri·chom·ic [trih-kom-ik, -koh-mik] /trɪˈkɒm ɪk, -ˈkoʊ mɪk/, adjective

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019


British Dictionary definitions for trichome

trichome

noun

any hairlike outgrowth from the surface of a plant
any of the threadlike structures that make up the filaments of blue-green algae
Derived Formstrichomic (trɪˈkɒmɪk), adjective

Word Origin for trichome

C19: from Greek trikhōma, from trikhoun to cover with hair, from thrix a hair

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Science definitions for trichome

trichome

[trĭkōm′, trīkōm′]

One of the hairlike or bristlelike outgrowths on the epidermis of a plant. Trichomes serve a variety of functions, depending on their location. As root hairs (and as leaf hairs in epiphytes), trichomes absorb water and minerals. As leaf hairs, they reflect radiation, lower plant temperature, and reduce water loss. They also provide defense against insects.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.