[ trog-luh-dahyt ]
/ ˈtrɒg ləˌdaɪt /


a prehistoric cave dweller.
a person of degraded, primitive, or brutal character.
a person living in seclusion.
a person unacquainted with affairs of the world.
an animal living underground.

Nearby words

  1. troezen,
  2. troffer,
  3. trog,
  4. troglobiont,
  5. troglobite,
  6. troglotrema salmincola,
  7. trogon,
  8. trogonoid,
  9. troia,
  10. troika

Origin of troglodyte

1545–55; < Latin trōglodyta < Greek trōglodýtēs one who creeps into holes, cave dweller, equivalent to trōglo- (combining form of trṓglē a gnawed hole; cf. trogon) + dý(ein) to creep into + -tēs agent suffix

Related formstrog·lo·dyt·ic [trog-luh-dit-ik] /ˌtrɒg ləˈdɪt ɪk/, trog·lo·dyt·i·cal, adjectivetrog·lo·dyt·ism [trog-luh-dahy-tiz-uh m] /ˈtrɒg lə daɪˌtɪz əm/, noun Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for troglodyte

British Dictionary definitions for troglodyte


/ (ˈtrɒɡləˌdaɪt) /


a cave dweller, esp one of the prehistoric peoples thought to have lived in caves
informal a person who lives alone and appears eccentric
Derived Formstroglodytic (ˌtrɒɡləˈdɪtɪk) or troglodytical, adjective

Word Origin for troglodyte

C16: via Latin from Greek trōglodutēs one who enters caves, from trōglē hole + duein to enter

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for troglodyte



"cave-dweller," 1550s, from Latin troglodytae (plural), from Greek troglodytes "cave-dweller," literally "one who creeps into holes," from trogle "hole" (from trogein "to gnaw;" see trout) + dyein "go in, dive in."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper