verb (used without object)

verb (used with object)

British Military. to carry (the flag or colors) in a ceremonial way before troops.
Obsolete. to assemble or form into a troop or troops.

Origin of troop

1535–45; < French troupe, Old French trope, probably back formation from tropel herd, flock (French troupeau), equivalent to trop- (< Germanic; see thorp) + -elLatin -ellus diminutive suffix
Related formsin·ter·troop, adjective
Can be confusedtroop troupe (see synonym study at the current entry)

Synonyms for troop

Synonym study

1. See company. 8. Troop, troupe both mean a band, company, or group. Troop has various meanings as indicated in the definitions above. With the spelling troupe the word has the specialized meaning of a company of actors, singers, acrobats, or other performers. Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for troop

Contemporary Examples of troop

Historical Examples of troop

British Dictionary definitions for troop



a large group or assembly; flocka troop of children
a subdivision of a cavalry squadron or artillery battery of about platoon size
(plural) armed forces; soldiers
a large group of Scouts comprising several patrols
an archaic spelling of troupe


(intr) to gather, move, or march in or as if in a crowd
(tr) military, mainly British to parade (the colour or flag) ceremoniallytrooping the colour
(tr) British military slang (formerly) to report (a serviceman) for a breach of discipline
(intr) an archaic word for consort (def. 1)

Word Origin for troop

C16: from French troupe, from troupeau flock, of Germanic origin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for troop

1540s, "body of soldiers," from Middle French troupe, from Old French trope "band of people, company, troop" (13c.), probably from Frankish *throp "assembly, gathering of people" (cf. Old English ðorp, Old Norse thorp "village," see thorp). OED derives the French word from Latin troppus "flock," which is of unknown origin but may be from the Germanic source.


1560s, "to assemble," from troop (n.). Meaning "to march" is recorded from 1590s; that of "to go in great numbers, to flock" is from c.1600. Related: Trooped; trooping.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper