[ troo-uhnt ]
/ ˈtru ənt /


a student who stays away from school without permission.
a person who shirks or neglects his or her duty.


absent from school without permission.
neglectful of duty or responsibility; idle.
of, relating to, or characteristic of a truant.

verb (used without object)

to be truant.

Nearby words

  1. troyon, constant,
  2. trp,
  3. trs,
  4. trst,
  5. truancy,
  6. truant officer,
  7. truantly,
  8. truantry,
  9. trubetzkoy,
  10. truce

Origin of truant

1250–1300; Middle English < Old French: vagrant, beggar < Celtic; compare Welsh truan wretched, wretch

Related formstru·ant·ly, adverbnon·tru·ant, noun, adjectiveun·tru·ant, adjective Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for truant

British Dictionary definitions for truant


/ (ˈtruːənt) /


a person who is absent without leave, esp from school


being or relating to a truant


(intr) to play truant
Derived Formstruancy, noun

Word Origin for truant

C13: from Old French: vagabond, probably of Celtic origin; compare Welsh truan miserable, Old Irish trōg wretched

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for truant



early 13c., "beggar, vagabond," from Old French truant "beggar, rogue" (12c.), from Gaulish *trougant- (cf. Breton *truan, later truant "vagabond," Welsh truan "wretch," Gaelic truaghan "wretched"). Cf. Spanish truhan "buffoon," from same source. Meaning "one who wanders from an appointed place" is first attested mid-15c. The adjective is recorded from 1540s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper