verb (used with object)


Origin of truss

1175–1225; (v.) Middle English trussen < Old French tr(o)usser, variant of torser, probably < Vulgar Latin *torsāre, derivative of *torsus, for Latin tortus past participle of torquere to twist, wind, wrap; (noun) Middle English: bundle < Old French trousse, torse, derivative of torser
Related formstruss·er, nounun·der·truss, verb (used with object) Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Related Words for truss

beam, support, reinforcement, prop, bracket, supporter, trussing, tie

Examples from the Web for truss

Contemporary Examples of truss

  • Most cooks these days do not, alas, truss their own roasts or carefully make cheesecloth bags to hold their soup herbs.

    The Daily Beast logo
    The 2012 Holiday Kitchen Gift Guide

    Megan McArdle

    December 13, 2012

  • So it is that he sympathizes with the dads who have to know how to truss a chicken, for your sake.

    The Daily Beast logo
    15 Hottest Books For Dad

    Malcolm Jones, Jimmy So

    June 17, 2011

Historical Examples of truss

British Dictionary definitions for truss


verb (tr)

(sometimes foll by up) to tie, bind, or bundleto truss up a prisoner
to fasten or bind the wings and legs of (a fowl) before cooking to keep them in place
to support or stiffen (a roof, bridge, etc) with structural members
informal to confine (the body or a part of it) in tight clothes
falconry (of falcons) to hold (the quarry) in the stoop without letting go
med to supply or support with a truss


a structural framework of wood or metal, esp one arranged in triangles, used to support a roof, bridge, etc
med a device for holding a hernia in place, typically consisting of a pad held in position by a belt
horticulture a cluster of flowers or fruit growing at the end of a single stalk
nautical a metal fitting fixed to a yard at its centre for holding it to a mast while allowing movement
architect another name for corbel
a bundle or pack
mainly British a bundle of hay or straw, esp one having a fixed weight of 36, 56, or 60 pounds
Derived Formstrusser, noun

Word Origin for truss

C13: from Old French trousse, from trousser, apparently from Vulgar Latin torciāre (unattested), from torca (unattested) a bundle, torch
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for truss

c.1200, "collection of things bound together," from Old French trousse, torse, of unknown origin, perhaps from Vulgar Latin *torciare "to twist." Meaning "surgical appliance to support a rupture, etc." first attested 1540s. Sense of "framework for supporting a roof or bridge" is first recorded 1650s.


c.1200, "to load, load up," from Anglo-French trusser, Old French trusser "to load, pack, fasten" (11c.), from Old French trousse (see truss (n.)). Related: Trussed; trussing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

truss in Medicine




A supportive device, usually consisting of a pad with a belt, worn to prevent enlargement of a hernia or the return of a reduced hernia.


To support or brace with a truss.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.