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Origin of turgid

1660–70; < Latin turgidus, equivalent to turg(ēre) to swell + -idus -id4
Related formstur·gid·i·ty, tur·gid·ness, nountur·gid·ly, adverbun·tur·gid, adjectiveun·tur·gid·ly, adverb
Can be confusedtorpid turbid turgid
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for turgidity


  1. swollen and distended; congested
  2. (of style or language) pompous and high-flown; bombastic
Derived Formsturgidity or turgidness, nounturgidly, adverb

Word Origin for turgid

C17: from Latin turgidus, from turgēre to swell
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for turgidity



1610s, from Latin turgidus "swollen, inflated," from turgere "to swell," of unknown origin. Figurative use in reference to prose is from 1725. Related: Turgidly; turgidness.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

turgidity in Medicine


  1. Swollen or distended, as from a fluid; bloated; tumid.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.