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# Turing

[ **toor**-ing ]

## noun

**Alan Math·i·son**[math, -, uh, -s, uh, n], 1912–54, English mathematician, logician, and pioneer in computer theory.

Turing

/ ˈtjʊərɪŋ /

## noun

- TuringAlan Mathison19121954MEnglishSCIENCE: mathematician
**Alan Mathison**. 1912–54, English mathematician, who was responsible for formal description of abstract automata, and speculation on computer imitation of humans: a leader of the Allied codebreakers at Bletchley Park during World War II

Turing

/ tr**′**ĭng /

- British mathematician who in 1937 formulated a precise mathematical concept for a theoretical computing machine, a key step in the development of the first computer. After the war he designed computers for the British government and helped in developing the concept of artificial intelligence.

## Biography

*Turing machine,*an imaginary idealized computer that can compute any calculable mathematical function. The essentials of this machine (an input/output device, a memory, and a central processing unit) formed the basis for the design of all digital computers. After World War II broke out, he worked in England as a cryptanalyst, where he put his extraordinary talents to work on breaking the famous Enigma code used by the German military. By 1940, Turing was instrumental in designing a machine that broke the German code, allowing the Allies to secretly decipher intercepted German messages for the rest of the war. At war's end, Turing was hired to help develop the world's first electronic computer and ultimately designed the programming system of the Ferranti Mark 1, the first commercially available digital computer, in 1948. His guiding principle that the brain is simply a computer was an important founding assumption for the new fields of cognitive science and artificial intelligence. He was making advances in modeling the chemical mechanisms by which genes control the structural development of organisms when he suddenly died, just before his forty-second birthday.

## Example Sentences

The best of those learnings are open-sourced into the Microsoft Turing language models.

The test is meant to replace the Turing test as a benchmark for measuring artificial intelligence.

For instance, the mathematician Pascal Michel proved in 1993 that the record-holding five-rule Turing machine exhibits behavior similar to that of the function described in the Collatz conjecture, another famous open problem in number theory.

A 2015 study published in Cell Systems used them to take Turing’s theories a step further to explain pattern orientation.

In this sense, they pass what we might call the Turing test for empathy.

At no time during his ordeal was Turing able to publicly reveal the far greater secret that had framed his life since 1940.

Nonetheless, Turing killed himself on June 7, 1954, in a deliberately prepared way, by eating a cyanide-laced apple.

Whatever the reason, in 1954 Turing found himself out in the cold as far as any future secret work was concerned.

Turing conceived and built a computer, the forerunner of all digital computations, that cracked the code.

Alexander is everything Turing is not—gregarious, flirty, and, you guessed it, charming.

That work was led by my personal all-time hero, a guy named Alan Turing, who pretty much invented computers as we know them today.

Once Turing looked hard at it, he figured out that the Nazi cryptographers had made a mathematical mistake.

Complained that the physicians and attendants were tor turing him in order to drive him insane.

The problem had been that Turing was smarter than the guy who thought up Enigma.

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