[ tur-puhn-tahyn ]
/ 藞t蓽r p蓹n藢ta瑟n /
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any of various oleoresins derived from coniferous trees, especially the longleaf pine, Pinus palustris, and yielding a volatile oil and a resin when distilled.
Also called Chian turpentine. an oleoresin exuded by the terebinth, Pistacia terebinthus.
verb (used with object), tur路pen路tined, tur路pen路tin路ing.
to treat with turpentine; apply turpentine to.
to gather or take crude turpentine from (trees).
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Origin of turpentine

1275鈥1325; late Middle English, alteration of Middle English ter(e)bentyn(e) <Medieval Latin ter(e)bent墨na, for Latin terebinth墨na, noun use of feminine of terebinth墨nus of the turpentine tree, equivalent to terebinth(us) turpentine tree (<Greek ter茅binthos) + -墨nus-ine1


tur路pen路tin路ic [tur-puhn-tin-ik], /藢t蓽r p蓹n藞t瑟n 瑟k/, tur路pen路tin路ous [tur-puhn-tin-uhs, 鈥tahy-nuhs], /藢t蓽r p蓹n藞t瑟n 蓹s, 鈥愃坱a瑟 n蓹s/, tur路pen路tin路y [tur-puhn-tahy-nee], /藞t蓽r p蓹n藢ta瑟 ni/, adjectiveun路tur路pen路tined, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 漏 Random House, Inc. 2022

How to use turpentine in a sentence

British Dictionary definitions for turpentine

/ (藞t蓽藧pn藢ta瑟n) /

Also called: gum turpentine any of various viscous oleoresins obtained from various coniferous trees, esp from the longleaf pine, and used as the main source of commercial turpentine
a brownish-yellow sticky viscous oleoresin that exudes from the terebinth tree
Also called: oil of turpentine, spirits of turpentine a colourless flammable volatile liquid with a pungent odour, distilled from turpentine oleoresin. It is an essential oil containing a mixture of terpenes and is used as a solvent for paints and in medicine as a rubefacient and expectorantSometimes (esp Brit) shortened to: turps
Also called: turpentine substitute, white spirit (not in technical usage) any one of a number of thinners for paints and varnishes, consisting of fractions of petroleumRelated adjective: terebinthine
verb (tr)
to treat or saturate with turpentine
to extract crude turpentine from (trees)

Word Origin for turpentine

C14 terebentyne, from Medieval Latin terbent墨na, from Latin terebinth墨na turpentine, from terebinthus the turpentine tree, terebinth
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition 漏 William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 漏 HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Scientific definitions for turpentine

[ t没rp蓹n-t墨n鈥 ]

A thin, easily vaporized oil that is distilled from the wood or resin of certain pine trees. It is used as a paint thinner and solvent. Chemical formula: C10H16.
The sticky mixture of resin and oil from which this oil is distilled.
The American Heritage庐 Science Dictionary Copyright 漏 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.