- plural of turf.
- a layer of matted earth formed by grass and plant roots.
- peat, especially as material for fuel.
- a block or piece of peat dug for fuel.
- the neighborhood over which a street gang asserts its authority.
- a familiar area, as of residence or expertise: Denver is her turf. When you talk literature you're getting into my turf.
- Chiefly British. a piece cut or torn from the surface of grassland; sod.
- the turf,
- the track over which horse races are run.
- the practice or sport of racing horses.
- to cover with turf or sod.
- British Slang. to remove from a desirable office or position; expel; kick out: He was turfed from leadership of the group.
Origin of turf
Examples from the Web for turves
He crept along again, and the turves upon his back crept with him.Return of the Native
I put some broken stones upon the covers, and turves upon them, and then the soil.
In like manner miners indicated their setts by cutting four turves annually at the limits of their grounds.A Book of the West. Volume I Devon
Now this house was roofed with turves, and the windows were barred so that none could pass through them.Eric Brighteyes
H. Rider Haggard
- a plural of turf
- the surface layer of fields and pastures, consisting of earth containing a dense growth of grasses with their roots; sod
- a piece cut from this layer, used to form lawns, verges, etc
- the turf
- a track, usually of grass or dirt, where horse races are run
- horse racing as a sport or industry
- US slang the territory or area of activity over which a person or group claims exclusive rights
- an area of knowledge or influencehe's on home turf when it comes to music
- another term for peat 1
- go with the turf informal to be an unavoidable part of a particular situation or process
- (tr) to cover with pieces of turf
Word Origin and History for turves
Old English turf, tyrf "slab of soil and grass," also "surface of grassland," from Proto-Germanic *turb- (cf. Old Norse torf, Danish tørv, Old Frisian turf, Old High German zurba, German Torf), from PIE root *drbh- (cf. Sanskrit darbhah "tuft of grass").
French tourbe "turf" is a Germanic loan-word. The Old English plural was identical with the singluar, but in Middle English turves sometimes was used. Slang meaning "territory claimed by a gang" is attested from 1953 in Brooklyn, N.Y.; earlier it had a jive talk sense of "the street, the sidewalk" (1930s), which is attested in hobo use from 1899, and before that "the work and venue of a prostitute" (1860). Turf war is recorded from 1962.
early 15c., "to cover (ground) with turf," from turf (n.). Related: Turfed; turfing.