umlaut

[ oom-lout ]

noun
  1. Phonetics, Orthography. a diacritic (¨) used over a vowel, as ä, ö, ü, to indicate a vowel sound different from that of the letter without the diacritic, especially as so used in German.: Compare dieresis (def. 2).

  2. Also called vowel mutation .Linguistics, Phonetics. (in Germanic languages) assimilation in which a vowel is influenced by a following vowel or semivowel.

verb (used with object)
  1. Linguistics, Phonetics. to modify by umlaut.

  2. Phonetics, Orthography. to write an umlaut over.

Origin of umlaut

1
1835–45; <German, equivalent to um- about, around + Laut sound

Words Nearby umlaut

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2024

How to use umlaut in a sentence

  • The letter is equivalent to (o umlaut); the correct letterform may have been unavailable to the printer.

    Three in Norway | James Arthur Lees
  • There is no trace of such vocalic mutation (“umlaut”) in Gothic, our most archaic Germanic language.

    Language | Edward Sapir
  • Meanwhile all consciousness of the merely phonetic nature of “umlaut” vanished centuries ago.

    Language | Edward Sapir
  • umlaut” is still a very live symbolic process in German, possibly more alive to-day than in medieval times.

    Language | Edward Sapir
  • The u- -umlaut of a is wanting, except in eawles 126; for heatel 128 heates is read.

British Dictionary definitions for umlaut

umlaut

/ (ˈʊmlaʊt) /


noun
  1. the mark (¨) placed over a vowel in some languages, such as German, indicating modification in the quality of the vowel: Compare diaeresis

  2. (esp in Germanic languages) the change of a vowel within a word brought about by the assimilating influence of a vowel or semivowel in a preceding or following syllable

Origin of umlaut

1
C19: German, from um around (in the sense of changing places) + Laut sound

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012