verb (used with object)
- (in the London stock exchange) to dismiss (a person) from membership because of default.
- to depress the price of (a stock).
verb (used without object)
Origin of hammer
Synonyms for hammer
- a heavy metal ball attached to a flexible wire: thrown in competitions
- the event or sport of throwing the hammer
- persistently demanding and critical of someone
- in hot pursuit of someone
- to question in a relentless manner
- to criticize severely
- to announce the default of (a member)
- to cause prices of (securities, the market, etc) to fall by bearish selling
Word Origin for hammer
Old English hamor "hammer," from Proto-Germanic *hamaraz (cf. Old Saxon hamur, Middle Dutch, Dutch hamer, Old High German hamar, German Hammer. The Old Norse cognate hamarr meant "stone, crag" (it's common in English place names), and suggests an original sense of "tool with a stone head," from PIE *akmen "stone, sharp stone used as a tool" (cf. Old Church Slavonic kamy, Russian kameni "stone"), from root *ak- "sharp" (see acme). Hammer and sickle as an emblem of Soviet communism attested from 1921, symbolizing industrial and agricultural labor.
late 14c., from hammer (n.). Meaning "to work (something) out laboriously" recorded from 1580s. Meaning "to defeat heavily" is from 1948. Related: Hammered; hammering. Hammered as a slang synonym for "drunk" attested by 1986.
under the hammer
For sale, as in These paintings and Oriental rugs must come under the hammer if we're to pay the mortgage. This expression alludes to the auctioneer's hammer, which is rapped to indicate a completed transaction. [Mid-1800s]
In addition to the idioms beginning with hammer
- hammer and tongs
- hammer away at
- hammer out
- under the hammer