[ spend ]
/ spɛnd /
verb (used with object), spent, spend·ing.
to pay out, disburse, or expend; dispose of (money, wealth, resources, etc.): resisting the temptation to spend one's money.
to employ (labor, thought, words, time, etc.), as on some object or in some proceeding: Don't spend much time on it.
to pass (time) in a particular manner, place, etc.: We spent a few days in Baltimore.
to use up, consume, or exhaust: The storm had spent its fury.
to give (one's blood, life, etc.) for some cause.
verb (used without object), spent, spend·ing.
to spend money, energy, time, etc.
Obsolete. to be consumed or exhausted.
Origin of spend
1125–75; Middle English spenden, continuing Old English -spendan (in āspendan, forspendan to spend entirely or utterly) < West Germanic < Latin expendere to pay out, expend; compare German spenden
SYNONYMS FOR spend
1 Spend, disburse, expend, squander refer to paying out money. Spend is the general word: We spend more for living expenses now. Disburse implies expending from a specific source or sum to meet specific obligations, or paying in definite allotments: The treasurer has authority to disburse funds. Expend is more formal, and implies spending for some definite and (usually) sensible or worthy object: to expend most of one's salary on necessities. Squander suggests lavish, wasteful, or foolish expenditure: to squander a legacy.
2 use, apply, devote.
Related formsan·ti·spend·ing, adjectiveun·der·spend, verb, un·der·spent, un·der·spend·ing.un·spend·ing, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019
British Dictionary definitions for underspend (1 of 2)
/ (ˌʌndəˈspɛnd) /
verb -spends, -spending or -spent
to spend less than (one can afford or is allocated)
the amount by which someone or something is underspent
British Dictionary definitions for underspend (2 of 2)
/ (spɛnd) /
verb spends, spending or spent
to pay out (money, wealth, etc)
(tr) to concentrate (time, effort, thought, etc) upon an object, activity, etc
(tr) to pass (time) in a specific way, activity, place, etc
(tr) to use up completelythe hurricane spent its force
(tr) to give up (one's blood, life, etc) in a cause
(intr) obsolete to be used up or exhausted
spend a penny British informal to urinate
an amount of money spent, esp regularly, or allocated to be spent
See also spends
Derived Formsspendable, adjective
Word Origin for spend
Old English spendan, from Latin expendere; influenced also by Old French despendre to spend, from Latin dispendere; see expend, dispense
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Idioms and Phrases with underspend
see pocket (spending) money.
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.