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unity

[yoo-ni-tee]
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noun, plural u·ni·ties.
  1. the state of being one; oneness.
  2. a whole or totality as combining all its parts into one.
  3. the state or fact of being united or combined into one, as of the parts of a whole; unification.
  4. absence of diversity; unvaried or uniform character.
  5. oneness of mind, feeling, etc., as among a number of persons; concord, harmony, or agreement.
  6. Mathematics.
    1. the number one; a quantity regarded as one.
    2. identity(def 9).
  7. (in literature and art) a relation of all the parts or elements of a work constituting a harmonious whole and producing a single general effect.
  8. one of the three principles of dramatic structure (the three unities) derived from Aristotelian aesthetics and formalized in the neoclassic canon in which a play is required to represent action as taking place in one day (unity of time), as occurring within one place (unity of place), and as having a single plot with a beginning, middle, and end (unity of action).
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Origin of unity

1250–1300; Middle English unite < Old French < Latin ūnitās, equivalent to ūn(us) one + -itās -ity
Related formsnon·u·ni·ty, noun, plural non·u·ni·ties.self-u·ni·ty, nounsu·per·u·ni·ty, noun

Synonyms

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1. singleness, singularity, individuality. 5. concert, unison.

Synonym study

1. See union.

Antonyms

1. diversity, variety.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for unity

unity

noun plural -ties
  1. the state or quality of being one; oneness
  2. the act, state, or quality of forming a whole from separate parts
  3. something whole or complete that is composed of separate parts
  4. mutual agreement; harmony or concordthe participants were no longer in unity
  5. uniformity or constancyunity of purpose
  6. maths
    1. the number or numeral one
    2. a quantity assuming the value of onethe area of the triangle was regarded as unity
    3. the element of a set producing no change in a number following multiplication
  7. the arrangement of the elements in a work of art in accordance with a single overall design or purpose
  8. any one of the three principles of dramatic structure deriving from Aristotle's Poetics by which the action of a play should be limited to a single plot (unity of action), a single location (unity of place), and the events of a single day (unity of time)
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Word Origin

C13: from Old French unité, from Latin ūnitās, from ūnus one
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for unity

n.

c.1300, from Anglo-French unite, Old French unite (c.1200), from Latin unitatem (nominative unitas) "oneness, sameness, agreement," from unus "one" (see one).

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper