- stiff or unyielding; not pliant or flexible; hard: a rigid strip of metal.
- firmly fixed or set.
- inflexible, strict, or severe: a rigid disciplinarian; rigid rules of social behavior.
- exacting; thorough; rigorous: a rigid examination.
- so as to meet precise standards; stringent: lenses ground to rigid specifications.
- Mechanics. of, relating to, or noting a body in which the distance between any pair of points remains fixed under all forces; having infinite values for its shear modulus, bulk modulus, and Young's modulus.
- (of an airship or dirigible) having a form maintained by a stiff, unyielding structure contained within the envelope.
- pertaining to a helicopter rotor that is held fixedly at its root.
Origin of rigid
1530–40; < Latin rigidus, equivalent to rig(ēre) to be stiff, stiffen + -idus -id4
Synonyms for rigid
Antonyms for rigid
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
- not bending; physically inflexible or stiffa rigid piece of plastic
- unbending; rigorously strict; severerigid rules
- completely or excessivelythe lecture bored him rigid
Word Origin for rigid
C16: from Latin rigidus, from rigēre to be stiff
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Word Origin and History for unrigid
early 15c., from Latin rigidus "hard, stiff, rough, severe," from rigere "be stiff," from PIE *reig- "stretch (tight), bind tightly, make fast" (cf. Old Irish riag "torture," Middle High German ric "band, string"). Related: Rigidly.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper