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until

[ uhn-til ]
/ ʌnˈtɪl /
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conjunction

up to the time that or when; till: He read until his guests arrived.
before (usually used in negative constructions): They did not come until the meeting was half over.

preposition

onward to or till (a specified time or occurrence): She worked until 6 p.m.
before (usually used in negative constructions): He did not go until night.
Scot. and North England. to; unto.

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The rainy weather could not ________ my elated spirits on my graduation day.

Origin of until

1150–1200; Middle English untill, equivalent to un- (<Old Norse unz up to, as far as) + tilltill1
See till1.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021

British Dictionary definitions for until

until
/ (ʌnˈtɪl) /

conjunction (subordinating)

up to (a time) thathe laughed until he cried
(used with a negative) before (a time or event)until you change, you can't go out

preposition

(often preceded by up) in or throughout the period beforehe waited until six
(used with a negative) earlier than; beforehe won't come until tomorrow
C13 untill; related to Old High German unt unto, until, Old Norse und; see till 1
The use of until such time as (as in industrial action will continue until such time as our demands are met) is unnecessary and should be avoided: industrial action will continue until our demands are met
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Idioms and Phrases with until

until

see put off until tomorrow; talk one's arm off (until blue in the face). Also see under till.

The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.
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