a rare element occurring in certain minerals and obtained as a light-gray powder with a silvery luster or as a ductile metal: used as an ingredient of steel to toughen it and increase its shock resistance. Symbol: V; atomic weight: 50.942; atomic number: 23; specific gravity: 5.96.
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How to use vanadium in a sentence
This means that their offerings could eventually be cheaper than other grid storage candidates, like lithium-ion and vanadium flow batteries.
Iron struck them as a low-cost alternative to vanadium, “but it had challenges,” says Evans.We’re going to need a lot more grid storage. New iron batteries could help. | Dawn Stover | February 23, 2022 | MIT Technology Review
Evans and Song initially set out to design a vanadium flow battery but changed course when they stumbled across some iron-based chemistry done at Case Western Reserve University in 1981.We’re going to need a lot more grid storage. New iron batteries could help. | Dawn Stover | February 23, 2022 | MIT Technology Review
You might, for instance, one day wear a jacket or camp under a tent coated with phase-shifting vanadium oxide–kept cool one minute, then warm the next.This material uses a physics trick to keep roofs cool in summer and warm in winter | Rahul Rao | December 17, 2021 | Popular-Science
Unlike most metals, vanadium oxide is a poor conductor of heat, which makes it ideal as an insulator.This material uses a physics trick to keep roofs cool in summer and warm in winter | Rahul Rao | December 17, 2021 | Popular-Science
A good deal of vanadium alloy is used, and this is made in America.A Journey Through France in War Time | Joseph G. Butler, Jr.
vanadium steel is used throughout the construction of the car.The Wonder Book of Knowledge | Various
vanadium as an alloy increases the elastic limit, making the steel stronger, tougher and harder.Oxy-Acetylene Welding and Cutting | Harold P. Manly
Nickel steel rods may be used for parts requiring great strength, but vanadium alloys are very difficult to handle.Oxy-Acetylene Welding and Cutting | Harold P. Manly
vanadium is detected by the red colouration produced by passing sulphuretted hydrogen into ammoniacal solutions for some time.A Textbook of Assaying: For the Use of Those Connected with Mines. | Cornelius Beringer and John Jacob Beringer
British Dictionary definitions for vanadium
a toxic silvery-white metallic element occurring chiefly in carnotite and vanadinite and used in steel alloys, high-speed tools, and as a catalyst. Symbol: V; atomic no: 23; atomic wt: 50.9415; valency: 2–5; relative density: 6.11; melting pt: 1910±10°C; boiling pt: 3409°C
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Scientific definitions for vanadium
A soft, bright-white metallic element that occurs naturally in several minerals. It has good structural strength and is used especially to make strong varieties of steel. Atomic number 23; atomic weight 50.942; melting point 1,890°C; boiling point 3,000°C; specific gravity 6.11; valence 2, 3, 4, 5. See Periodic Table.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.