• synonyms


[ven-truh l]
See more synonyms for ventral on Thesaurus.com
  1. of or relating to the venter or belly; abdominal.
  2. Anatomy, Zoology. situated on or toward the lower, abdominal plane of the body; equivalent to the front, or anterior, in humans.Compare dorsal1(def 2).
  3. Botany, Mycology. of or designating the lower or inner surface of a structure.
Show More

Origin of ventral

1730–40; < Latin ventrālis, equivalent to vent(e)r venter + -ālis -al1
Related formsven·tral·ly, adverbin·ter·ven·tral, adjectivepost·ven·tral, adjectivepre·ven·tral, adjectivesub·ven·tral, adjectivesub·ven·tral·ly, adverb
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Related Words for ventral

visceral, intestinal, abdominal, leading, frontal, belly, anterior, advance, head, fore, front, facial, obverse, forward, advanced, first, stomachic, alimentary, gut, inner

Examples from the Web for ventral

Historical Examples of ventral

  • Urite: an abdominal segment and, specifically, its ventral portion.

    Explanation of Terms Used in Entomology

    John. B. Smith

  • Ventral chain: refers to the series of ganglia of the nervous system.

  • Ventri-meson: the middle line of the ventral surface of the body.

  • Do not cut off the ventral fin on the side which is to be displayed.

  • The distance from node to node in a vibrating body is called a ventral segment.

    How it Works

    Archibald Williams

British Dictionary definitions for ventral


  1. relating to the front part of the body; towards the bellyCompare dorsal
  2. of, relating to, or situated on the upper or inner side of a plant organ, esp a leaf, that is facing the axis
Show More
Derived Formsventrally, adverb

Word Origin for ventral

C18: from Latin ventrālis, from venter abdomen
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for ventral


1739, from French ventral, from Late Latin ventralis "of or pertaining to the belly or stomach," from Latin venter (genitive ventris) "belly, paunch," from PIE *wend-tri- (cf. Latin vesica "bladder," Sanskrit vastih "bladder," Old High German wanast, German wanst "paunch, belly").

Show More
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

ventral in Medicine


  1. Relating to or situated on or close to the abdomen; abdominal.
  2. Relating to or situated on or close to the anterior aspect of the body.
Show More
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

ventral in Science


  1. Relating to or on the front or lower surface of an animal.
Show More
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.