[ven-truh l]
See more synonyms for ventral on
  1. of or relating to the venter or belly; abdominal.
  2. Anatomy, Zoology. situated on or toward the lower, abdominal plane of the body; equivalent to the front, or anterior, in humans.Compare dorsal1(def 2).
  3. Botany, Mycology. of or designating the lower or inner surface of a structure.

Origin of ventral

1730–40; < Latin ventrālis, equivalent to vent(e)r venter + -ālis -al1
Related formsven·tral·ly, adverbin·ter·ven·tral, adjectivepost·ven·tral, adjectivepre·ven·tral, adjectivesub·ven·tral, adjectivesub·ven·tral·ly, adverb Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for ventral

Historical Examples of ventral

British Dictionary definitions for ventral


  1. relating to the front part of the body; towards the bellyCompare dorsal
  2. of, relating to, or situated on the upper or inner side of a plant organ, esp a leaf, that is facing the axis
Derived Formsventrally, adverb

Word Origin for ventral

C18: from Latin ventrālis, from venter abdomen
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for ventral

1739, from French ventral, from Late Latin ventralis "of or pertaining to the belly or stomach," from Latin venter (genitive ventris) "belly, paunch," from PIE *wend-tri- (cf. Latin vesica "bladder," Sanskrit vastih "bladder," Old High German wanast, German wanst "paunch, belly").

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

ventral in Medicine


  1. Relating to or situated on or close to the abdomen; abdominal.
  2. Relating to or situated on or close to the anterior aspect of the body.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

ventral in Science


  1. Relating to or on the front or lower surface of an animal.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.