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vermilion

or ver·mil·lion

[ver-mil-yuh n]
noun
  1. a brilliant scarlet red.
  2. a bright-red, water-insoluble pigment consisting of mercuric sulfide, once obtained from cinnabar, now usually produced by the reaction of mercury and sulfur.
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adjective
  1. of the color vermilion.
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verb (used with object)
  1. to color with or as if with vermilion.
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Origin of vermilion

1250–1300; Middle English vermilioun, vermillon < Anglo-French, Old French verm(e)illon, equivalent to vermeil vermeil + -on noun suffix
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for vermillion

vermilion

vermillion

noun
    1. a bright red to reddish-orange colour
    2. (as adjective)a vermilion car
  1. mercuric sulphide, esp when used as a bright red pigment; cinnabar
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Word Origin

C13: from Old French vermeillon, from vermeil
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for vermillion

vermilion

n.

late 13c., "cinnabar, red dye," from Anglo-French and Old French vermeillon, from vermeil (see vermeil). As an adjective, from 1580s.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper