Origin of vertical

1550–60; < Latin verticālis, equivalent to vertic- (stem of vertex) vertex + -ālis -al1
Related formsver·ti·cal·i·ty, ver·ti·cal·ness, ver·ti·cal·ism, nounver·ti·cal·ly, adverbnon·ver·ti·cal, adjectivenon·ver·ti·cal·ly, adverbnon·ver·ti·cal·ness, nounnon·ver·ti·cal·i·ty, nounsub·ver·ti·cal, adjectivesub·ver·ti·cal·ly, adverbsub·ver·ti·cal·ness, nounun·ver·ti·cal, adjectiveun·ver·ti·cal·ly, adverb

Synonyms for vertical

1. See upright.

Antonyms for vertical Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for vertical

Contemporary Examples of vertical

Historical Examples of vertical

British Dictionary definitions for vertical



at right angles to the horizon; perpendicular; uprighta vertical wall Compare horizontal (def. 1)
extending in a perpendicular direction
at or in the vertex or zenith; directly overhead
economics of or relating to associated or consecutive, though not identical, stages of industrial activityvertical integration; vertical amalgamation
of or relating to the vertex
anatomy of, relating to, or situated at the top of the head (vertex)


a vertical plane, position, or line
a vertical post, pillar, or other structural member
Derived Formsverticality (ˌvɜːtɪˈkælɪtɪ), nounvertically, adverb

Word Origin for vertical

C16: from Late Latin verticālis, from Latin vertex
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for vertical

1550s, "of or at the vertex, directly overhead," from Middle French vertical (1540s), from Late Latin verticalis "overhead," from Latin vertex (genitive verticis) "highest point" (see vertex). Meaning "straight up and down" is first recorded 1704.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

vertical in Medicine




Of or relating to the vertex of the head.
Being or situated at right angles to the horizon; upright.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.