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Vienna

[vee-en-uh]
noun
  1. German Wien. a port in and the capital of Austria, in the NE part, on the Danube.
  2. a city in NE Virginia.
  3. a town in W West Virginia.
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Austria

[aw-stree-uh]
noun
  1. a republic in central Europe. 32,381 sq. mi. (83,865 sq. km). Capital: Vienna.
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German Österreich.
Related formsAus·tri·an, adjective, nounan·ti-Aus·tri·a, adjectivean·ti-Aus·tri·an, adjective, nounpro-Aus·tri·an, adjective, nounpseu·do-Aus·tri·an, adjective, nountrans-Aus·tri·an, adjectiveun-Aus·tri·an, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for vienna

Vienna

noun
  1. the capital and the smallest state of Austria, in the northeast on the River Danube: seat of the Hapsburgs (1278-1918); residence of the Holy Roman Emperor (1558–1806); withstood sieges by Turks in 1529 and 1683; political and cultural centre in the 18th and 19th centuries, having associations with many composers; university (1365). Pop: 1 590 242 (2003 est). Area: 1075 sq km (415 sq miles)German name: Wien Latin name: Vindobona
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Austria

noun
  1. a republic in central Europe: ruled by the Hapsburgs from 1282 to 1918; formed a dual monarchy with Hungary in 1867 and became a republic in 1919; a member of the European Union; contains part of the Alps, the Danube basin in the east, and extensive forests. Official language: German. Religion: Roman Catholic majority. Currency: euro. Capital: Vienna. Pop: 8 221 646 (2013 est). Area: 83 849 sq km (32 374 sq miles)German name: Österreich
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Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for vienna

Vienna

Roman Vindobona, from Celtic vindo "white" + bona "foundation, fort." The "white" might be a reference to the river flowing through it.

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Austria

European nation, from Medieval Latin Marchia austriaca "eastern borderland." German Österreich is "eastern kingdom," from Old High German ostar "eastern" (see east) + reich (see Reichstag). So called for being on the eastern edge of Charlemagne's empire.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

vienna in Culture

Vienna

Capital of Austria and largest city in the country, located in northeastern Austria on the south bank of the Danube River; Austria's leading cultural, economic, and political center.

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Note

Vienna was the capital of the Austrian (later Austro-Hungarian) Empire under the Hapsburgs, who ruled from 1278 to 1918.

Note

During World War II, German troops occupied the city. It was badly damaged by bombing by the Allies, who controlled the city from 1945 to 1955.

Note

It is the home of composers such as Ludwig van Beethoven, Johannes Brahms, Joseph Haydn, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Franz Schubert, and Johann Strauss, the Younger.

Austria

Mountainous republic in central Europe, bordered by Germany and the former Czechoslovakia to the north, Hungary to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west. Its capital and largest city is Vienna.

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Note

Under the Hapsburg dynasty (1278–1918), Austria maintained control of the Holy Roman Empire and became a leading player in European politics.

Note

After losing control of the German portions of the Holy Roman Empire in the nineteenth century, Austria joined with Hungary to create the Austro-Hungarian Empire (1867–1918). Allied with Germany, Bulgaria, and Turkey in World War I, the Austro-Hungarian Empire was devastated by the war.

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Austria was occupied by Nazi forces in 1938 and annexed by Adolf Hitler to Germany. It was reestablished as a republic in 1945 but remained occupied by four Allied powers until it declared neutrality in 1955.

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The picturesque Tyrol region, in the western part of the country, is a favorite year-round tourist spot.
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.