vitalism

[ vahyt-l-iz-uh m ]
/ ˈvaɪt lˌɪz əm /
|

the doctrine that phenomena are only partly controlled by mechanical forces, and are in some measure self-determining.Compare dynamism(def 1), mechanism(def 8).
Biology. a doctrine that ascribes the functions of a living organism to a vital principle distinct from chemical and physical forces.

Nearby words

  1. vital signs,
  2. vital stain,
  3. vital staining,
  4. vital statistics,
  5. vitalian,
  6. vitality,
  7. vitality test,
  8. vitalize,
  9. vitallium,
  10. vitally

Origin of vitalism

First recorded in 1815–25; vital + -ism

Related formsvi·tal·ist, noun, adjectivevi·tal·is·tic, adjectivevi·tal·is·ti·cal·ly, adverb

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for vitalism


British Dictionary definitions for vitalism

vitalism

/ (ˈvaɪtəˌlɪzəm) /

noun

the philosophical doctrine that the phenomena of life cannot be explained in purely mechanical terms because there is something immaterial which distinguishes living from inanimate matterCompare dynamism, mechanism
Derived Formsvitalist, noun, adjectivevitalistic, adjective

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012