• synonyms


[ zee-nee-uh, zeen-yuh ]
/ ˈzi ni ə, ˈzin yə /

noun Botany.

the influence or effect of pollen on a structure other than the embryo, as the seed or fruit.

Nearby words

xd, xda, xe, xebec, xenakis, xenia, xenic acid, xenical, xeno-, xenobiotic, xenoblast

Origin of xenia

1895–1900; < New Latin < Greek xenía hospitality. See xen(o)-, -ia
Related formsxe·ni·al, adjective Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

British Dictionary definitions for xenial


/ (ˈziːnɪə) /


botany the influence of pollen upon the form of the fruit developing after pollination
Derived Formsxenial, adjective

Word Origin for xenia

C19: from New Latin, from Greek: hospitality, from xenos guest
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for xenial


city in Ohio, from Greek xenia "hospitality," literally "state of a guest," from xenos "guest" (see guest). Founded 1803 and named by vote of a town meeting, on suggestion of the Rev. Robert Armstrong to suggest friendliness and hospitality.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper