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xylene

[zahy-leen]
noun Chemistry.
  1. any of three oily, colorless, water-insoluble, flammable, toxic, isomeric liquids, C8H10, of the benzene series, obtained mostly from coal tar: used chiefly in the manufacture of dyes.
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Also xy·lol [zahy-lawl, -lol] /ˈzaɪ lɔl, -lɒl/.

Origin of xylene

1850–55; < Greek xýl(on) wood + -ene
Also called dimethylbenzene.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for xylol

Historical Examples of xylol

  • Balsam and dried oil are best removed from the brass parts with xylol.

    A Manual of Clinical Diagnosis

    James Campbell Todd

  • The film of ink may be covered with a long cover-glass and xylol balsam as a permanent preparation.

  • Place a large drop of xylol balsam on the section and carefully lower a cover-glass on to the balsam.

  • Treat with a mixture of equal parts of aniline oil and xylol until no more colour comes away.

  • Wash with ammonia-free distilled water, dry thoroughly and mount in xylol balsam.


British Dictionary definitions for xylol

xylol

noun
  1. another name (not in technical usage) for xylene
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xylene

noun
  1. an aromatic hydrocarbon existing in three isomeric forms, all three being colourless flammable volatile liquids used as solvents and in the manufacture of synthetic resins, dyes, and insecticides; dimethylbenzene. Formula: C 6 H 4 (CH 3) 2Also called: xylol
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Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for xylol

xylene

n.

1851, from Greek xylon "wood," which is of unknown origin, + -ene.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

xylol in Science

xylene

[zī-lēn, zīlēn′]
  1. A flammable hydrocarbon obtained from wood and coal tar. Xylene consists of a benzene ring with two methyl (CH3) groups attached, and occurs in three isomeric forms. It is used as a solvent, in jet fuel, and in the manufacture of dyes, fibers, perfumes, and films. Chemical formula: C8H10.
  2. A mixture of xylene isomers used as a solvent in making lacquers and rubber cement and as an aviation fuel.
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The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.