xylene

[zahy-leen]
noun Chemistry.
  1. any of three oily, colorless, water-insoluble, flammable, toxic, isomeric liquids, C8H10, of the benzene series, obtained mostly from coal tar: used chiefly in the manufacture of dyes.
Also xy·lol [zahy-lawl, -lol] /ˈzaɪ lɔl, -lɒl/.

Origin of xylene

1850–55; < Greek xýl(on) wood + -ene
Also called dimethylbenzene.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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Historical Examples of xylol


British Dictionary definitions for xylol

xylol

noun
  1. another name (not in technical usage) for xylene

xylene

noun
  1. an aromatic hydrocarbon existing in three isomeric forms, all three being colourless flammable volatile liquids used as solvents and in the manufacture of synthetic resins, dyes, and insecticides; dimethylbenzene. Formula: C 6 H 4 (CH 3) 2Also called: xylol
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for xylol

xylene

n.

1851, from Greek xylon "wood," which is of unknown origin, + -ene.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

xylol in Science

xylene

[zī-lēn, zīlēn′]
  1. A flammable hydrocarbon obtained from wood and coal tar. Xylene consists of a benzene ring with two methyl (CH3) groups attached, and occurs in three isomeric forms. It is used as a solvent, in jet fuel, and in the manufacture of dyes, fibers, perfumes, and films. Chemical formula: C8H10.
  2. A mixture of xylene isomers used as a solvent in making lacquers and rubber cement and as an aviation fuel.
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