zemstvo

[ zemst-voh; Russian zyem-stvuh ]

noun,plural zem·stvos [zemst-vohz]. /ˈzɛmst voʊz/. Russian History.
  1. one of a system of elected local assemblies established in 1864 by Alexander II to replace the authority of the nobles in administering local affairs after the abolition of serfdom: became the core of the liberal movement from 1905 to 1917.

Origin of zemstvo

1
1860–65; <Russian zémstvo, derivative of zemlyá land, earth; see humus

Words Nearby zemstvo

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2024

How to use zemstvo in a sentence

  • Let him come and see how our zemstvo doctors work and what they do for the people.

  • The assembly appointed an executive committee which is in permanent session, but the zemstvo assembles once a year.

    The Story of Russia | R. Van Bergen, M.A.
  • Above the district zemstvo is the goubernko zemstvo or provincial assembly, whose members are elected from the district zemstvos.

    The Story of Russia | R. Van Bergen, M.A.
  • Lidia was a teacher in the zemstvo school in her own village, and received a salary of twenty-five roubles a month.

  • "Lida could only fall in love with a member of the zemstvo, as devoted to schools and hospitals as she is," I said.

British Dictionary definitions for zemstvo

zemstvo

/ (ˈzɛmstvəʊ, Russian ˈzjɛmstvə) /


nounplural -stvos
  1. (in tsarist Russia) an elective provincial or district council established in most provinces of Russia by Alexander II in 1864 as part of his reform policy

Origin of zemstvo

1
C19: from Russian, from zemlya land; related to Latin humus earth, Greek khamai on the ground

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012