• synonyms


[zemst-voh; Russian zyem-stvuh]
noun, plural zem·stvos [zemst-vohz] /ˈzɛmst voʊz/. Russian History.
  1. one of a system of elected local assemblies established in 1864 by Alexander II to replace the authority of the nobles in administering local affairs after the abolition of serfdom: became the core of the liberal movement from 1905 to 1917.
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Origin of zemstvo

1860–65; < Russian zémstvo, derivative of zemlyá land, earth; see humus
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for zemstvo

Historical Examples of zemstvo

  • And in the evening she would hold forth about the Zemstvo and schools.

    The House with the Mezzanine and Other Stories

    Anton Tchekoff

  • The service ended, the Tsar receives the members of the Zemstvo.

    The Russian Opera

    Rosa Newmarch

  • Don't think of me as a literary man while I am in the service of the Zemstvo.

  • I have saved the Zemstvo from expenditure even on disinfectants.

  • Let him come and see how our Zemstvo doctors work and what they do for the people.

British Dictionary definitions for zemstvo


noun plural -stvos
  1. (in tsarist Russia) an elective provincial or district council established in most provinces of Russia by Alexander II in 1864 as part of his reform policy
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Word Origin for zemstvo

C19: from Russian, from zemlya land; related to Latin humus earth, Greek khamai on the ground
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012