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Byzantine Empire vs. Roman Empire
- the Eastern Roman Empire after the fall of the Western Empire in a.d. 476. Capital: Constantinople.
- the lands and peoples subject to the authority of ancient Rome.
- the form of government established in ancient Rome in 27 b.c., comprising the Principate or Early Empire (27 b.c.–a.d. 284) and the Autocracy or Later Empire (a.d. 284–476).
- a later empire, as that of Charlemagne or the Byzantine Empire, regarded as a restoration or continuation of the ancient Roman Empire or one of its branches.