These Words Help Explain Why We Need Portmanteaus spork Spork is a hybrid word for a hybrid utensil with the round bowl of a "spoon" and the pointy tines of a "fork." The first American spork was patented by Samuel W. Francis in 1874. His original design also included a knife edge. (What would that word have been? Kniforkon?) Spork itself didn't appear in a dictionary until 1909. If you feel like mixing up your diction, foon is also an accepted name for this portman-tensil. Velcro Though Velcro might not feel like a piece of velvet, the name of this rough and sticky material is a combination of velvet and the weaving method crochet.Velcro is a brand of fastening tape that consists of two opposing pieces of fabric: one has a dense arrangement of tiny nylon loops and the other is a field of nylon hooks that catch the loops when the two sides meet. This handy stand-in for the shoe lace was invented by the Swiss engineer George de Mestral in 1948, and later given the name from the French vel(ours) cro(che), meaning "hooked velvet." smog This unfortunate mixture of smoke and fog is the bane of cities all over the world. In 1905, the word smog was coined by Dr. Henry Des Voeux in a paper he presented to the English Public Health Congress. Des Voeux recognized the need for a distinction between natural fog and the coal-smoke-infused fog that plagued London in the Industrial Revolution. Modern smog (i.e., the photochemical smog that hangs over most major cities) forms when the emissions from cars and industrial fumes react to sunlight. brunch This delicious combination of breakfast and lunch is a meal most often eaten around 11:00 am. Brunch first appeared in the English publication Hunter's Weekly in an 1895 article by Guy Beringer entitled "Brunch: A Plea." Beringer calls for a mid-day meal on Sunday that would be kinder to "Saturday-night carousers," a meal that would be "cheerful, sociable and inciting," not punishing for those who hadn't had much sleep the night before. English speakers must've been hungry because brunch was adopted into the dictionary the very next year. madcap "That madcap scheme might be crazy enough to work!" This "impulsive, reckless, and lively" portmanteau weaseled its way into the lexicon in the 1580s. Madcap combines mad from the Old English gemaedde (for "out of one's mind,") and cap from the Latin caput meaning "head" and in Low Latin cappa meaning a "hood" or "head covering." blog This portmanteau abbreviation of "web log"—(we)blog—is simultaneously a verb, a noun, and a sphere: one blogs when writing their blog which is displayed in the blogosphere. The noun form of blog is a website that functions as an online journal in which an author can display their personal opinions, experiences, and insights. One blogs in the verb form when they add to this journal using online posts. turducken When one bird simply won't suffice, it's time to turn to the turducken. This poultry explosion in the only portmanteau on our list that is completely mimetic, meaning that all three combined words are represented in the definition. A turducken is a deboned turkey that is stuffed with a deboned duck that is stuffed with a deboned chicken: tur(key) + duck + (chick)en or (h)en. Three birds, one portmanteau. portmanteau It would be a terrible shame if portmanteau were not itself a portmanteau. The word originally referred to a large traveling case made of stiff leather, derived from a combination of the French porter, meaning "to carry," and manteau, meaning "mantle" or "cloak." The word's literary significance is the work of the great neologist himself, Lewis Carroll. In Through the Looking-Glass, Humpty Dumpty explains to Alice that the strange compound words she hears in Wonderland are "like a portmanteau—there are two meanings packed up into one word."