Word of the Day

Sunday, March 25, 2018

ariose

[ ar-ee-ohs, ar-ee-ohs ]

adjective

characterized by melody; songlike.

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What is the origin of ariose?

Ariose was first recorded in 1735–45. It is an Anglicized variant of Italian arioso.

how is ariose used?

He turned and looked at her, concern for her making his ariose voice a bit rougher than usual …

Chelsea Quinn Yarbro, A Feast in Exile, 2001

… he loosed the ariose floods of his voice, till a gusty song of the spring-time seemed to fill the garden.

James Maurice Thompson, "The Mill of God," Scott's Monthly Magazine, July 1869
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Saturday, March 24, 2018

oriflamme

[ awr-uh-flam, or- ]

noun

any flag, banner, or standard, especially one that serves as a rallying point or symbol.

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What is the origin of oriflamme?

Originally an oriflamme was the banner or ensign that the French kings received before going into battle from the abbot of Saint-Denis, the site of a Benedictine abbey founded c626 in a city of the same name, located northeast of Paris, and named after Saint Denis, a martyr of the 3rd century who is venerated as a patron of the French people. Oriflamme means “golden flame” in Old French, from Latin aurea flamma “golden flame,” referring to the golden flames on the red background of the banner. Oriflamme entered English in the 15th century.

how is oriflamme used?

I was so afraid you might think we ought to sort of wave the oriflamme of our unfettered love.

Mary Renault, Purposes of Love, 1939

… the huge and motley mass, throughout the Union, which marched under the oriflamme of the bank, had every where repeated and reiterated the same cry.

Thomas Hart Benton, Thirty Years’ View, 1854
Friday, March 23, 2018

deracinate

[ dih-ras-uh-neyt ]

verb

to isolate or alienate (a person) from a native or customary culture or environment.

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What is the origin of deracinate?

The root of deracinate “to uproot” is the Late Latin noun rādīcīna “root,” from Latin rādīx (stem rādīc-), from which English derives radical and eradicate. Latin rādīx comes from the Proto-Indo-European root wrād- (and its variants) “branch, root.” The noun wrādios becomes Latin rādius “staff, rod, beam, radius (of a circle), ray (of light),” from which, via French, English has ray (of light or energy). The suffixed form wrād-mo- becomes Latin rāmus “branch, twig,” from which English derives ramify and ramification. Proto-Indo-European wrād- becomes wrōt- in Germanic, from which Old Norse derives rōt, which becomes root in English. Deracinate entered English in the late 16th century.

how is deracinate used?

Our parents sent us to those schools to deracinate us, to obliterate our class markings.

Malcolm Knox, Summerland, 2000

In little more than a century, millions of human beings in Europe and America … have undertaken to deracinate themselves from the natural continuum and all that it has to teach us of Man’s relationship to the nonhuman more completely than ever before in the human past.

Theodore Roszak, "Can We Survive the Artificial Environment?" The Rotarian, June 1971

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