Word of the Day

Saturday, July 20, 2019

daedal

[ deed-l ]

adjective

skillful; ingenious.

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What is the origin of daedal?

The adjective daedal (also spelled dedal) comes via the Latin adjective daedalus and proper noun Daedalus from the Greek adjective daídalos “skillful, skillfully made” and proper noun Daídalos, the mythical Athenian hero who built the Labyrinth at Knossos for King Minos and was the father of Icarus. Further etymology is unclear: daídalos is likely to be from a pre-Greek language. Daedal entered English in the late 16th century.

how is daedal used?

After dinner, they took a turn in the garden; where Leontine was surprized [sic] to see how greatly the daedal hand of nature had been improved by the assistance of art.

"The Danger of Deception; or, Loves of Clora and Leontine," The New Novelist's Magazine, Vol. 1, 1787

An unrestrained genius with a daedal mind, Plumer was New Hampshire’s only Jeffersonian.

John Reid, "The Arena of the Giants: Rockingham County, New Hampshire," ABA Journal, February 1960
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Friday, July 19, 2019

jollier

[ jol-ee-er ]

noun

a person who talks or acts agreeably to someone, in order to keep that person in good humor, especially in the hope of gaining something.

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What is the origin of jollier?

The noun jollier, a derivative of the informal verb jolly “to talk or act agreeably in order to keep someone in good humor, especially in the hope of gaining something,” is an Americanism dating back to the end of the 19th century. If only there were fewer jolliers and “jollyees.”

how is jollier used?

Certainly he would never dream that a “jollier” could become the leader of a great English political party.

Edward Porrit, "Paradoxes of Gladstone's Popularity," Annual Report of the American Historical Association for the Year 1909, 1911

The Jollier jollied Mr. Thompson up and down the sweet nerve of flattery in a manner truly artistic, then came away with a double half column ad.

J. Angus MacDonald, Successful Advertising: How to Accomplish It, 1902
Thursday, July 18, 2019

cosplay

[ kos-pley ]

noun

the art or practice of wearing costumes to portray characters from fiction, especially from manga, animation, and science fiction.

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What is the origin of cosplay?

Cosplay is a blend of costume and play, but the combination is masking a much more complex performance. Japanese borrowed the English compound noun costume play (as in theater) and rendered it into its sound system as kosuchūmu-purē, which was shortened by the 1980s to kosupure and narrowed to the more specific sense “the art or practice of wearing costumes to portray characters from fiction, especially from manga, animation, and science fiction” (as well as characters from video games). English borrowed back kosupure and refashioned it as cosplay by the 1990s. Japanese words like kosupure are considered pseudo-English Japanese coinages known as wasei-eigo. Other familiar examples adopted into English from Japanese include salaryman, anime, and Pokémon, the latter itself a popular subject of cosplay.

how is cosplay used?

Although cosplay isn’t a requirement at Comic-Con, many people participate, and they take it extremely seriously.

Michael Hardy, "The Best Costumes at Comic-Con 2018," Wired, July 23, 2018

The goal, many cosplayers interviewed said, is to disrupt popular ideas of what cosplay can and should look like and to help create a more racially tolerant environment through cosplay, both in Black Panther costumes and outside of them.

Walter Thompson-Hernández, "'Black Panther' Cosplayers: 'We're Helping People See Us as Heroes," New York Times, February 15, 2018

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