Word of the Day

Word of the day

Sunday, February 24, 2019

halidom

[ hal-i-duhm ]

noun

a holy place, as a church or sanctuary.

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What is the origin of halidom?

Halidom is a rare word meaning “holy place, sanctuary.” Its Old English form, hāligdōm, is a compound formed of the adjective hālig “holy” and the abstract noun suffix -dōm (English -dom). Hāligdōm originally meant “holiness, sanctity” in Old English, but this sense was obsolete by the 17th century. The concrete senses of hāligdōm, “chapel, sanctuary” and “relic,” are as old as the abstract sense. Halidom entered English before 1000.

how is halidom used?

Most nations would reckon it a village, but it had its halidom, assembly hall, market, and busy little industries.

Poul and Karen Anderson, "Faith," After the King: Stories in Honor of J. R. R. Tolkien, 1992

There are few more interesting spots in Great Britain than “Dewisland,” or the “halidom” of St. David.

W. A. B. Coolidge, "St. David's," The Cathedral Churches of England and Wales, 1884
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Word of the day

Saturday, February 23, 2019

prodigal

[ prod-i-guhl ]

adjective

wastefully or recklessly extravagant: prodigal expenditure.

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What is the origin of prodigal?

Prodigal ultimately derives from the Late Latin adjective prōdigālis “wasteful,” from the Latin adjective prōdigus (with the same meaning), a derivative of the verb prōdigere “to drive forth or away; to waste, squander.” Prōdigere is a compound of the preposition and combining form pro, pro- “forth, forward” and agere “to drive (cattle), ride (a horse).” Aristotle in Book IV of the Nicomachean Ethics defines the virtue of liberality (with respect to wealth) as the mean between the opposite vices of prodigality and stinginess, the prodigal man being one who wastes money on self-indulgent pleasures. The most famous case of prodigality is from Luke’s gospel (15:11-32), the “Parable of the Prodigal Son.” Prodigal entered English in the 15th century.

how is prodigal used?

… Kubrick a planned and prodigal expenditure of resources.

Annette Michelson, "Bodies in Space: Film as 'Carnal Knowledge'," Artforum, February 1969

She feels she can never truly write well because she lacks Lila’s wild, prodigal spirit. Lila, she thinks, “possessed intelligence and didn’t put it to use but, rather, wasted it, like a great lady for whom all the riches in the world are merely a sign of vulgarity.”

Joan Acocella, "Elena Ferrante's New Book: Art Wins," The New Yorker, September 1, 2015

Word of the day

Friday, February 22, 2019

futilitarian

[ fyoo-til-i-tair-ee-uhn ]

noun

a person who believes that human hopes are vain, and human strivings unjustified.

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What is the origin of futilitarian?

Futilitarian is a humorous blend of futile and utilitarian. The word was coined in scorn for the utilitarian philosophy for the jurist and philosopher Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832) and the philosopher and economist John Stuart Mill (1806-73). Futilitarian entered English in the 19th century.

how is futilitarian used?

A lot of artists in America tend to be self-deprecating futilitarians, because we’ve grown up in a culture in which art doesn’t matter except, occasionally, as a high-end investment.

Tim Kreider, "When Art Is Dangerous (or Not)," New York Times, January 10, 2015

For it is significant that much of the work of Bierce seems to be that of what he would have called a futilitarian, that he seldom seems able to find a suitable field for his satire, a foeman worthy of such perfect steel as he brings ot he encounter …

Bertha Clark Pope, "Introduction" to The Letters of Ambrose Bierce, 1922

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