Word of the Day

Word of the day


[ rig-muh-rohl ]


an elaborate or complicated procedure: to go through the rigmarole of a formal dinner.

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What is the origin of rigmarole?

Rigmarole, with many variant spellings in the 18th century, is probably a reduction of ragman roll, a long catalog or list, a sense dating from the early 16th century. In Middle English ragmane rolle was a roll or scroll of writing used in a game of chance in which players draw out an item hidden in the roll. This game of chance possibly arose from Ragemon le bon (Rageman the Good), an Anglo-French poem. The sense “confused, incoherent, foolish, or meaningless talk” dates from the 18th century; the sense “elaborate or complicated procedure” dates from the 19th.

how is rigmarole used?

He said he had a shack in Mill City and I would have all the time in the world to write there while we went through the rigmarole of getting the ship.

Jack Kerouac, On the Road, 1957

At the station, I went through the rigmarole of implied consent and told Father Grady I wanted him to take a Breathalyzer test.

Jodi Picoult, Handle with Care, 2009
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[ hoog-uh ]


the feeling of coziness and contentment evoked by simple comforts, as being wrapped in a blanket, having conversations with friends or family, enjoying food, etc.: The holidays are a time of hygge for me and my family.

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What is the origin of hygge?

Hygge is still an unnaturalized word in English. It is a Danish noun meaning “coziness, comfort, conviviality.” Danish hygge comes from Norwegian hygge (also hyggje in Nynorsk), but the Norwegian word doesn’t have the same emotive force as the Danish. The further derivation of the Norwegian forms is uncertain, but they may derive from Old Norse (and Old Icelandic) hyggja “thought, mind, opinion, thoughtfulness, care.” Hygge entered English in the 20th century.

how is hygge used?

Hygge is about an atmosphere and an experience, rather than about things. It is about being with the people we love.

Meik Wiking, The Little Book of Hygge, 2016

… “The Red Address Book” is just the sort of easy-reading tale that will inspire readers to pull up a comfy chair to the fire, grab a mug of cocoa and a box of tissues and get hygge with it.

Helen Simonson, "Hygge and Kisses," New York Times, January 11, 2019
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[ prog-nos-ti-keyt ]


to forecast or predict (something future) from present indications or signs; prophesy.

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What is the origin of prognosticate?

English prognosticate comes from Medieval Latin prognōsticāt-, the inflectional stem of prognōsticātus “foretold, predicted,” the past participle of prognōsticāre. Prognōsticāre comes from the Greek adjective and noun prognōstikós “prescient, foreknowing; a prognostic, a sign of the future.” It is not common for Latin and Greek to agree so easily in their etymologies, but prognosticate is a good example. The basic meaning of the preposition and prefix prō, pro- in both languages means “forward, forth, in front of” and is akin to English for and forth. The root gnō- in Latin and Greek means “to know” and is akin to English know and Slavic (Polish) znać. Prognosticate entered English in the 15th century.

how is prognosticate used?

Indeed, during the year we are describing, it was known that all those visible signs which prognosticate any particular description of weather, had altogether lost their significance.

William Carleton, The Black Prophet: A Tale of Irish Famine, 1847

January is here, which means it’s time to prognosticate about the new year — and specifically, how we in the Bay Area will be eating over the next 12 months and beyond.

Sarah Fritsche, "How the Bay Area will eat in 2019: Convenience, CBD, and more chicken," San Francisco Chronicle, January 4, 2019
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