Word of the Day

Word of the day

Wednesday, November 04, 2020

tarriance

[ tar-ee-uhns ]

noun

Archaic.

delay.

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What is the origin of tarriance?

Tarriance “delay,” a derivative of the fairly common verb tarry and the familiar noun suffix –ance, first appears in Middle English in the first half of the 15th century. In case you were longing for the Middle Ages, when everything was slow, easy, and laid-back, one of the first citations of tarriance comes from the Calendar of Plea and Memoranda Rolls (1430) and reads “William shall paye to..Robt..without tariance..x li,” i.e., ten pounds, a very considerable sum. Tarriance in the sense of “temporary stay, sojourn” does not appear till the first half of the 16th century.

how is tarriance used?

Come, answer not, but to it presently; I am impatient of my tarriance.

William Shakespeare, The Two Gentlemen of Verona, 1623

After much tarriance, much debate, / The good gods leave them to their fate.

Susan Coolidge, "The Legend of Kintu," Verses, 1880

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Word of the day

Tuesday, November 03, 2020

public-spirited

[ puhb-lik-spir-i-tid ]

adjective

having or showing an unselfish interest in the public welfare.

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What is the origin of public-spirited?

Public-spirited first appears about 1646, right in the middle of the first (of three) English Civil Wars. The term has been used by many esteemed writers including Edmund Burke, Charles Dickens, and the admirable Jane Addams, who founded Hull House in Chicago (1899) and won the Nobel Peace Prize (1931).

how is public-spirited used?

Through the efforts of public-spirited citizens a medical clinic and a Psychopathic Institute have become associated with the Juvenile Court of Chicago ….

Jane Addams, Twenty Years at Hull-House, 1910

The hopes of the decade that had begun with John Kennedy’s call for a mix of public-spirited idealism and Cold War realism unraveled as the year wore on.

Jon Meacham, "What the Tumultuous Year 1968 Can Teach Us About Today," New York Times, October 24, 2020

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Word of the day

Monday, November 02, 2020

leviathan

[ li-vahy-uh-thuhn ]

noun

anything of immense size and power.

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What is the origin of leviathan?

“Canst thou draw out leviathan with an hook? or his tongue with a cord which thou lettest down? Canst thou put an hook into his nose? or bore his jaw through with a thorn?” asks God of Job (Job 41). Leviathan first appears in Middle English in John Wycliffe’s translation of the Bible (ca. 1382). Leviathan comes from the Vulgate (the Latin version of the Bible, prepared by Saint Jerome at the end of the 4th century a.d.), from Hebrew liwyāthān, a kind of serpent or sea serpent or dragon of enormous size, possibly derived from the Semitic root lwy “to twist, encircle” (its etymology is uncertain). The most famous application of Leviathan is Thomas Hobbes’ book on politics, Leviathan (1651): Hobbes applied Leviathan to the state, omnipotent, totalitarian, and characterized by vast coercive machinery.

how is leviathan used?

It’s ironic that Microsoft has come to be viewed as an underdog rather than a leviathan. But recent opinion suggests that that is the case …

Benjamin Carlson, "Is Microsoft Winning the Long War with Apple for Techie Hearts?," The Atlantic, September 23, 2009

While much of North America has been sweltering through a summer of record heat, a group of Canadian scientists have been rafting across the Arctic Ocean on a leviathan of floating ice.

John F. Burns, "On an Island of Ice, in an Arctic Odyssey," New York Times, August 21, 1988

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