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arraign

[uh-reyn]
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verb (used with object)
  1. to call or bring before a court to answer to an indictment.
  2. to accuse or charge in general; criticize adversely; censure.
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Origin of arraign

1275–1325; Middle English arainen < Anglo-French arainer, Old French araisnier, equivalent to a- a-5 + raisnier < Vulgar Latin *ratiōnāre to talk, reason; see ratio
Related formsar·raign·er, nounun·ar·raigned, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for arraigned

arraign

verb (tr)
  1. to bring (a prisoner) before a court to answer an indictment
  2. to call to account; complain about; accuse
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Derived Formsarraigner, nounarraignment, noun

Word Origin

C14: from Old French araisnier to speak, accuse, from a- ² + raisnier, from Vulgar Latin ratiōnāre (unattested) to talk, argue, from Latin ratiō a reasoning
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for arraigned

arraign

v.

late 14c., araynen, "to call to account," from Old French araisnier "speak to, address; accuse (in a law court)," from Vulgar Latin *arrationare, from Latin adrationare, from ad- "to" (see ad-) + *rationare, from ratio "argumentation, reckoning, calculation" (see ratio). Sense of "to call up on a criminal charge" is c.1400. The excrescent -g- is a 16c. overcorrection based on reign, etc. Related: Arraigned; arraigning.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper