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astonish

[uh-ston-ish] /əˈstɒn ɪʃ/
verb (used with object)
1.
to fill with sudden and overpowering surprise or wonder; amaze:
Her easy humor and keen intellect astonished me.
Origin of astonish
dialectal Old French
1525-1535
1525-35; Middle English astonyen, astonen, probably < dialectal Old French *astoner, Old French estoner < Vulgar Latin *extonāre, for Latin attonāre to strike with lightning, equivalent to ex- ex-1, at- at- + tonāre to thunder; extended by -ish2, perhaps reflecting Anglo-French *astonir < dialectal Old French
Related forms
astonishedly, adverb
astonisher, noun
superastonish, verb
unastonished, adjective
Synonyms
astound, startle, shock. See surprise.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for astonished
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • Mr. Gladstone attacked the bill with a power and vehemence which astonished the House.

    The Grand Old Man Richard B. Cook
  • Preparations which astonished the young guest already arrived.

    Ester Ried Yet Speaking Isabella Alden
  • I am not astonished, therefore, that I am not so well this month as last.

  • They were astonished and full of their surprise when their father came to his dinner.

    Rico and Wiseli Johanna Spyri
  • He was so astonished at what he saw that he slid behind the open door out of sight.

British Dictionary definitions for astonished

astonish

/əˈstɒnɪʃ/
verb
1.
(transitive) to fill with amazement; surprise greatly
Word Origin
C15: from earlier astonyen (see astonied), from Old French estoner, from Vulgar Latin extonāre (unattested) to strike with thunder, from Latin tonāre to thunder
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for astonished

astonish

v.

c.1300, astonien, from Old French estoner "to stun, daze, deafen, astound," from Vulgar Latin *extonare, from Latin ex- "out" + tonare "to thunder" (see thunder); so, literally "to leave someone thunderstruck." The modern form (influenced by English verbs in -ish, e.g. distinguish, diminish) is attested from c.1530.

No wonder is thogh that she were astoned [Chaucer, "Clerk's Tale"]
Related: Astonished; astonishing; astonishingly.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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