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90s Slang You Should Know

Babylon

[bab-uh-luh n, -lon] /ˈbæb ə lən, -ˌlɒn/
noun
1.
an ancient city of SW Asia, on the Euphrates River, famed for its magnificence and culture: capital of Babylonia and later of the Chaldean empire.
2.
any rich and magnificent city believed to be a place of excessive luxury and wickedness.
3.
a city on S Long Island, in SE New York.

Babylonia

[bab-uh-loh-nee-uh, -lohn-yuh] /ˌbæb əˈloʊ ni ə, -ˈloʊn yə/
noun
1.
an ancient empire in SW Asia, in the lower Euphrates valley: its greatest period was 2800–1750 b.c.
Capital: Babylon.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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British Dictionary definitions for Babylon

Babylon

/ˈbæbɪlən/
noun
1.
the chief city of ancient Mesopotamia: first settled around 3000 bc See also Hanging Gardens of Babylon
2.
(offensive) (in Protestant polemic) the Roman Catholic Church, regarded as the seat of luxury and corruption
3.
(derogatory) any society or group in a society considered as corrupt or as a place of exile by another society or group, esp White Britain as viewed by some West Indians
Word Origin
via Latin and Greek from Hebrew Bābhél; see Babel

Babylonia

/ˌbæbɪˈləʊnɪə/
noun
1.
the southern kingdom of ancient Mesopotamia: a great empire from about 2200–538 bc, when it was conquered by the Persians
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for Babylon

mid-14c., from Greek version of Akkadian Bab-ilani "the gate of the gods," from bab "gate" + ilani, plural of ilu "god" (cf. Babel). The Old Persian form, Babiru-, shows characteristic transformation of -l- to -r- in words assimilated from Semitic.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Babylon in Culture
Babylon [(bab-uh-luhn, bab-uh-lon)]

The capital of the ancient empire of Babylonia, which conquered Israel in the sixth century b.c. The Jews were exiled to Babylon, which they found luxurious and corrupt. The prophet Daniel became a counselor to the king of Babylon (see the handwriting on the wall), and eventually the Israelites were allowed to return to their homeland. (See also Daniel in the lions' den.)

Note: A “Babylon” is any place of sin and corruption.
Babylon [(bab-uh-luhn, bab-uh-lon)]

A city in ancient Mesopotamia, famed for its hanging gardens (one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World) and for the sensual lifestyle of its people.

Note: The Jews were taken captive into Babylon in the sixth century b.c. (See also under “The Bible.”)
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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