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bergamot

[bur-guh-mot, -muh t]
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noun
  1. a small citrus tree, Citrus aurantium bergamia, having fruit with a rind that yields a fragrant essential oil.
  2. Also called essence of bergamot. the oil or essence itself.
  3. any of various plants of the mint family, as Monarda fistulosa, yielding an oil resembling essence of bergamot.
  4. a variety of pear.
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Origin of bergamot

1610–20; < French bergamote < Italian bergamotta < Ottoman Turkish; compare Mod Turkish bey armudlu literally, bey's pear (bey bey + armut pear (< Persian) + -u 3rd singular possessive suffix); Italian form perhaps by association with Bergamo, Bergama, with -otta as alteration to a familiar suffix; the citrus apparently so called from its resemblance to the pear

Bergamo1

[bur-guh-moh]
noun, plural Ber·ga·mos.
  1. a Turkish rug characterized by a long pile, floral or geometric patterns, and red-orange hues.
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Also Bergama, Ber·ga·mee [bur-guh-mee] /ˈbɜr gəˌmi/, Ber·ga·mot [bur-guh-mot, -muh t] /ˈbɜr gəˌmɒt, -mət/.

Origin of Bergamo1

after Bergama
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for bergamot

Historical Examples

  • No more were bergamot or southern-wood, although vegetable in their nature.

    My Lady Ludlow

    Elizabeth Gaskell

  • Perfume with oil of bergamot or any other perfume preferred.

    Housekeeping in Old Virginia

    Marion Cabell Tyree

  • Is it tufted with myrtle, or shaded with a grove of lemon, orange, and bergamot?'

    The Heroine

    Eaton Stannard Barrett

  • Since you did not disdain my gifts, I send you some conserves of roses, jessamine, and bergamot.

  • Then Nancy Levett came, bringing with her a milliner, Mrs. Bergamot.

    The Chaplain of the Fleet

    Walter Besant and James Rice


British Dictionary definitions for bergamot

bergamot

noun
  1. Also called: bergamot orange a small Asian spiny rutaceous tree, Citrus bergamia, having sour pear-shaped fruit
  2. essence of bergamot a fragrant essential oil from the fruit rind of this plant, used in perfumery and some teas (including Earl Grey)
  3. a Mediterranean mint, Mentha citrata, that yields an oil similar to essence of bergamot
    1. wild bergamota North American plant, Monarda fistulosa, with clusters of purple flowers: family Lamiaceae (labiates)
    2. a garden plant of the same genus, usually M. didyma (bee balm), grown for its scarlet or pink flowers
  4. a variety of pear
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Word Origin

C17: from French bergamote, from Italian bergamotta, of Turkic origin; related to Turkish bey-armudu prince's pear; see bey

Bergamo

noun
  1. a walled city in N Italy, in Lombardy. Pop: 113 143 (2001)
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Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for bergamot

n.

type of citrus tree, also its fruit, both similar to bitter orange, and the essence prepared from the oil of the rind of the fruit, 1690s, from French bergamote (17c.), from Italian bergamotta, named for Bergamo, town in Italy. The name is Roman Bergamum, from a Celtic or Ligurian berg "mountain," cognate with the identical Germanic word.

Earlier (1610s) as a kind of pear deemed especially luscious, in this sense ultimately a Romanic folk-etymologization from Turkish beg-armudi "prince's pear" or "prince of pears," influenced in form by the other word, but probably not from it (the town is on the opposite end of the peninsula from where the pear grows). Also used of garden plants of the mint order with a smell like that of oil of bergamot.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper