Once upon a time there was a place called the Byzantine Empire that laid across the trade routes.
It was in this period that Bulgaria reached the peak of its territorial expansion, penetrating deep into the Byzantine Empire.
With the end of the Macedonian house in 1057, all the elements of discord in the Byzantine Empire seemed to have been loosed.
Thenceforth, till his death in 1359, his restless ambition was directed against the Byzantine Empire.
The Byzantine Empire was pre-eminently the age of treachery.
How came such a cultus to die out of the Roman and Byzantine Empire after making its way so far, and holding its ground so long?
By the ninth century they were so powerful that they challenged the Byzantine Empire itself.
Italy and the Byzantine Empire, just wrested from the cross, were now the countries of greatest toleration.
He began his reign with the occupation of Constantinople , and thus destroyed the last refuge of the Byzantine Empire.
Some twenty years later the Wallachians were in open revolt and became independent of the Byzantine Empire.
An empire, centered at Constantinople, that began as the eastern portion of the Roman Empire; it included parts of Europe and western Asia. As the western Roman Empire declined, the Byzantine Empire grew in importance, and it remained an important power in Europe until the eleventh century. The Byzantine Empire was conquered by Turkish forces in the fifteenth century.
The Byzantine emperor was an absolute ruler (see absolute monarchy), and the laws and customs associated with his empire were strict and complex. His rule was supported by the Christian Church in the region, which later became the independent Eastern Orthodox Church.
Note: The word byzantine is often applied to a group of intricately connected and rigidly applied regulations or traditions, or to a complex bureaucracy that insists on formal requirements.
Note: Constantinople is called Istanbul today.