- a sterol, C27H46O, that occurs in all animal tissues, especially in the brain, spinal cord, and adipose tissue, functioning chiefly as a protective agent in the skin and myelin sheaths of nerve cells, a detoxifier in the bloodstream, and as a precursor of many steroids: deposits of cholesterol form in certain pathological conditions, as gallstones and atherosclerotic plaques.
- the commercial form of this compound, obtained from the spinal cord of cattle, used chiefly as an emulsifying agent in cosmetics and pharmaceuticals, and in the synthesis of vitamin D.
Origin of cholesterol
Examples from the Web for cholesterol
At 96 percent water, cukes have no saturated fat or cholesterol, and are very high in vitamin K, vitamin B6 and iron.10 Ways to Stay Hydrated (That Aren’t Water)
July 25, 2014
In addition, low fat/high carb diets lower protective “good” cholesterol and raise insulin.The Heart Association’s Junk Science Diet
Dr. Barbara H. Roberts
May 22, 2014
Even the doctors on the 2013 cholesterol guideline committee hired other people to read the literature for them.Everything You Know About Fat Is Wrong
May 7, 2014
Chatterjee and his team found that D-PDMP almost totally eliminated the buildup of cholesterol in vital regions of the body.Scientists at Johns Hopkins Come Closer to Eliminating Heart Disease
April 25, 2014
One small German study found an eight percent decrease in cholesterol among five men after an eight-day juice fast.Is Your Juice Cleanse Doing More Harm Than Good?
February 11, 2014
Cholesterol was a little below normal in the four cases examined.Scurvy Past and Present
Alfred Fabian Hess
Cholesterol is frequently found in animal fats, and phytosterol is a very similar substance present in vegetable fats.The Handbook of Soap Manufacture
W. H. Simmons
The cholesterol in linseed or fish oil, which of course may be present in the soap, also give this reaction.Soap-Making Manual
E. G. Thomssen
- a sterol found in all animal tissues, blood, bile, and animal fats: a precursor of other body steroids. A high level of cholesterol in the blood is implicated in some cases of atherosclerosis, leading to heart disease. Formula: C 27 H 45 OHFormer name: cholesterin (kəˈlɛstərɪn)
Word Origin and History for cholesterol
white, solid substance present in body tissues, 1894, earlier cholesterin, from French cholestrine (Chevreul, 1827), from Greek khole "bile" (see cholera) + steros "solid, stiff" (see sterility). So called because originally found in gallstones (Conradi, 1775). The name was changed to the modern form (with chemical suffix -ol, denoting an alcohol) after the compound was discovered to be a secondary alcohol.
- A white crystalline substance found in animal tissues and various foods, normally synthesized by the liver and important as a constituent of cell membranes and a precursor to steroid hormones. Its level in the bloodstream can influence the pathogenesis of certain conditions, such as the development of atherosclerotic plaque and coronary artery disease.
- A sterol found widely in animal and plant tissues. It is a main component of blood plasma and cell membranes, and it is an important precursor of many steroid hormones (such as the estrogens, testosterone, and cortisol), vitamin D2, and bile acids. In vertebrates, cholesterol is manufactured by the liver or absorbed from food in the intestine. Higher than normal amounts of cholesterol in the blood are associated with higher risk for developing coronary artery disease and atherosclerosis. Chemical formula: C27H46O. See also high-density lipoprotein low-density lipoprotein.
A white soapy substance found in the tissues of the body and in certain foods, such as animal fats, oils, and egg yolks. Cholesterol has been linked to heart disease and atherosclerosis. (It collects on the walls of arteries and interferes with the flow of blood.) High levels of cholesterol in the blood are considered to be unhealthy. (See saturated fats, HDL, and LDL.)