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congregation

[kong-gri-gey-shuh n] /ˌkɒŋ grɪˈgeɪ ʃən/
noun
1.
an assembly of persons brought together for common religious worship.
2.
the act of congregating or the state of being congregated.
3.
a gathered or assembled body; assemblage.
4.
an organization formed for the purpose of providing for worship of God, for religious education, and for other church activities; a local church society.
5.
the people of Israel. Ex. 12:3,6; Lev. 4:13.
6.
New Testament. the Christian church in general.
7.
Roman Catholic Church.
  1. a committee of cardinals or other ecclesiastics.
  2. a community of men or women, either with or without vows, observing a common rule.
8.
(at English universities) the general assembly of the doctors, fellows, etc.
9.
(in colonial North America) a parish, town, plantation, or other settlement.
Origin of congregation
1300-1350
1300-50; Middle English congregacio(u)n (< Anglo-French) < Latin congregātiōn- (stem of congregātiō); see congregate, -ion
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for congregation
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • The pulpit was between the doors that opened upon the faces of the congregation.

    Fifty Notable Years John G. Adams
  • It is true of every appearance which a minister makes before a congregation.

  • And Moses called unto them; and Aaron and all the rulers of the congregation returned unto him: and Moses talked with them.

  • Many rules have been proposed for winning the attention of the congregation.

  • Every minister of the gospel is a “drawer of water,” to his congregation, from the “Spiritual Rock” which follows the church.

British Dictionary definitions for congregation

congregation

/ˌkɒŋɡrɪˈɡeɪʃən/
noun
1.
a group of persons gathered for worship, prayer, etc, esp in a church or chapel
2.
the act of congregating or collecting together
3.
a group of people, objects, etc, collected together; assemblage
4.
the group of persons habitually attending a given church, chapel, etc
5.
(RC Church)
  1. a society of persons who follow a common rule of life but who are bound only by simple vows
  2. Also called dicastery. an administrative subdivision of the papal curia
  3. an administrative committee of bishops for arranging the business of a general council
6.
(mainly Brit) an assembly of senior members of a university
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for congregation
n.

mid-14c., "a gathering, assembly," from Old French congregacion (12c., Modern French congrégation), from Latin congregationem (nominative congregatio), noun of action from congregare (see congregate).

Used by Tyndale to translate Greek ekklesia in New Testament and by some Old Testament translators in place of synagoge. (Vulgate uses a variety of words in these cases, including congregatio but also ecclesia, vulgus, synagoga, populus.) Protestant reformers in 16c. used it in place of church; hence the word's main modern sense of "local society of believers" (1520s).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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