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7 Cycling Words

constrained

[kuh n-streynd] /kənˈstreɪnd/
adjective
1.
forced, compelled, or obliged:
a constrained confession.
2.
stiff or unnatural; uneasy or embarrassed:
a constrained manner.
Origin of constrained
1565-1575
1565-75; constrain + -ed2
Related forms
constrainedly
[kuh n-strey-nid-lee] /kənˈstreɪ nɪd li/ (Show IPA),
adverb
unconstrained, adjective

constrain

[kuh n-streyn] /kənˈstreɪn/
verb (used with object)
1.
to force, compel, or oblige:
He was constrained to admit the offense.
2.
to confine forcibly, as by bonds.
3.
to repress or restrain:
Cold weather constrained the plant's growth.
Origin
1275-1325; Middle English constrei(g)nen < Anglo-French, Middle French constrei(g)n- (stem of constreindre) < Latin constringere. See con-, strain1
Related forms
constrainable, adjective
constrainer, noun
constrainingly, adverb
nonconstraining, adjective
unconstrainable, adjective
unconstraining, adjective
Can be confused
coerce, compel, constrain, force, oblige (see synonym study at oblige)
Synonyms
1. coerce. 2. check, bind.
Antonyms
2. free.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2016.
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Examples from the Web for constrained
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • Indeed, she may be constrained to return it, after all, unless the Bohmers are prepared to be reasonable.

  • Misery had broken her sleep by night, and constrained her conduct by day.

    Deerbrook Harriet Martineau
  • The worst is the constrained posture to which want pins us down.

  • The count acknowledged these remarks with a constrained smile.

    Samuel Brohl & Company Victor Cherbuliez
  • But as heretofore I have confined myself strictly to facts, I am, to be consistent, constrained to abide by them now.

    David Harum Edward Noyes Westcott
British Dictionary definitions for constrained

constrained

/kənˈstreɪnd/
adjective
1.
embarrassed, unnatural, or forced: a constrained smile
Derived Forms
constrainedly (kənˈstreɪnɪdlɪ) adverb

constrain

/kənˈstreɪn/
verb (transitive)
1.
to compel or force, esp by persuasion, circumstances, etc; oblige
2.
to restrain by or as if by force; confine
Derived Forms
constrainer, noun
Word Origin
C14: from Old French constreindre, from Latin constringere to bind together, from stringere to bind
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for constrained

constrain

v.

early 14c., constreyen, from stem of Old French constreindre (Modern French contraindre) "restrain, control," from Latin constringere "to bind together, tie tightly, fetter, shackle, chain," from com- "together" (see com-) + stringere "to draw tight" (see strain (v.)). Related: Constrained; constraining.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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