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curb

[kurb]
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noun
  1. Also British, kerb. a rim, especially of joined stones or concrete, along a street or roadway, forming an edge for a sidewalk.
  2. anything that restrains or controls; a restraint; check.
  3. an enclosing framework or border.
  4. Also called curb bit. a bit used with a bridoon for control of a horse, to which a chain (curb chain) is hooked.
  5. Also called curb market; British, kerb market, kerbstone market. a market, originally on the sidewalk or street, for the sale of securities not listed on a stock exchange.Compare American Stock Exchange.
  6. the framework around the top of a well.
  7. the arris between an upper and a lower slope on a gambrel or mansard roof.
  8. a belt of metal, masonry, etc., for abutting a dome at its base.
  9. (in a windmill) the track on which the cap turns.
  10. Veterinary Pathology. a swelling on the lower part of the back of the hock of a horse, often causing lameness.
  11. Engineering. the cutting edge at the bottom of a caisson.
  12. Carpentry. purlin plate.
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verb (used with object)
  1. to control as with a curb; restrain; check.
  2. to cause to keep near the curb: Curb your dog.
  3. Also British, kerb. to furnish with or protect by a curb.
  4. to put a curb on (a horse).
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Origin of curb

1250–1300; Middle English curb, courbe curved piece of wood (noun), stooped, hunchbacked (adj.) < Anglo-French curb, courb curved, bowed; Old French < Latin curvus crooked, bent, curved. See curve
Related formscurb·a·ble, adjectivecurb·less, adjectivecurb·like, adjectiveun·curb, verb (used with object)un·curb·a·ble, adjectiveun·curbed, adjective
Can be confusedcurb kerb

Synonyms

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13. bridle, repress.

Synonym study

13. See check1.

Antonyms

13. encourage.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for curb

Contemporary Examples

Historical Examples

  • Obeying a quick impulse, Percival stepped to the curb as she came opposite to him.

    The Spenders

    Harry Leon Wilson

  • Yet what can I say, for all men know that your valor needs the curb and not the spur.

    The White Company

    Arthur Conan Doyle

  • The cobblestones had gone, and from curb to curb stretched smooth asphalt.

    K

    Mary Roberts Rinehart

  • A disorder which renders the sufferer unable to curb his tongue when you wish to talk.

  • And if I were denied the power, I must, as I now do, curb my inclination.

    Clarissa, Volume 3 (of 9)

    Samuel Richardson


British Dictionary definitions for curb

curb1

noun
  1. something that restrains or holds back
  2. any enclosing framework, such as a wall of stones around the top of a well
    1. Also called: curb bita horse's bit with an attached chain or strap, which checks the horse
    2. Also called: curb chainthe chain or strap itself
  3. a hard swelling on the hock of a horse
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verb (tr)
  1. to control with or as if with a curb; restrain
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See also kerb

Word Origin

C15: from Old French courbe curved piece of wood or metal, from Latin curvus curved

curb2

noun
  1. vet science a swelling on the leg of a horse, below the point of the hock, usually caused by a sprain
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Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for curb

n.

late 15c., "strap passing under the jaw of a horse" (used to restrain the animal), from Old French courbe (12c.) "curb on a horse," from Latin curvus, from curvare "to bend" (see curve (v.)). Meaning "enclosed framework" is from 1510s, probably originally with a notion of "curved;" extended to margins of garden beds 1731; to "margin of stone between a sidewalk and road" 1791 (sometimes spelled kerb). Figurative sense of "a check, a restraint" is from 1610s.

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v.

1520s, of horses, "to lead to a curb," from curb (n.). Figurative use from 1580s. Related: Curbed; curbing.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper