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cyprus

[sahy-pruh s]
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noun Obsolete.
  1. cypress2.

Cyprus

[sahy-pruh s]
noun
  1. an island republic in the Mediterranean, S of Turkey: formerly a British colony; independent since 1960. 3572 sq. mi. (9250 sq. km). Capital: Nicosia.
Related formspro-Cy·prus, adjective

cypress2

or cy·prus

[sahy-pruh s]
noun Obsolete.
  1. a fine, thin fabric resembling lawn or crepe, formerly used in black for mourning garments and trimmings.

Origin of cypress2

1350–1400; Middle English cipre(s), cyprus, after Cyprus
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for cyprus

Cyprus

noun
  1. an island in the E Mediterranean: ceded to Britain by Turkey in 1878 and made a colony in 1925; became an independent republic in 1960 as a member of the Commonwealth; invaded by Turkey in 1974 following a Greek-supported military coup, leading to the partition of the island. In 1983 the Turkish-controlled northern sector declared itself to be an independent state as the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus but failed to receive international recognition. Attempts by the UN to broker a reunification agreement have failed. Cyprus joined the EU in 2004. The UK maintains two enclaves as military bases (Akrotiri and Dhekelia Sovereign Base Areas), which are not included in Cyprus politically. Languages: Greek and Turkish. Religions: Greek Orthodox and Muslim. Currency: euro and Turkish lira. Capital: Nicosia. Pop (Greek): 838 897 (2011 est); (Turkish): 265 100 (2006 est). Area: 9251 sq km (3571 sq miles)

cypress1

noun
  1. any coniferous tree of the N temperate genus Cupressus, having dark green scalelike leaves and rounded cones: family CupressaceaeSee also Leyland cypress
  2. any of several similar and related trees, such as the widely cultivated Chamaecyparis lawsoniana (Lawson's cypress), of the western US
  3. any of various other coniferous trees, esp the swamp cypress
  4. the wood of any of these trees

Word Origin

Old English cypresse, from Latin cyparissus, from Greek kuparissos; related to Latin cupressus

cypress2

cyprus

noun
  1. a fabric, esp a fine silk, lawn, or crepelike material, often black and worn as mourning

Word Origin

C14 cyprus from the island of Cyprus
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for cyprus

Cyprus

eatern Mediterranean island, from Greek Kypros "land of cypress trees" (see cypress).

cypress

n.

type of evergreen tree (sacred to Pluto), late 12c., from Old French cipres (12c., Modern French cyprès), from Late Latin cypressus, from Latin cupressus, from Greek kyparissos, probably from an unknown pre-Greek Mediterranean language. Perhaps related to Hebrew gopher, name of the tree whose wood was used to make the ark (Gen. vi:14).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

cyprus in Culture

Cyprus

Island republic in the eastern Mediterranean Sea, south of Turkey and west of Syria. Nicosia is its capital and largest city.

Note

People of Greek origin make up four-fifths of the population, and those of Turkish origin compose the other fifth. Conflict between the two led to a Turkish invasion that divided the island in the 1970s.
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
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