Dictionary.com
definitions
  • synonyms

distended

[dih-sten-did]
See more synonyms on Thesaurus.com
adjective
  1. increased, as in size, volume, etc.; expanded; dilated: the distended nostrils of the terrified horse.
  2. swollen, by or as by internal pressure, out of normal size or shape; protuberant: distended wineskins; the distended arteries of his neck.
Show More

Origin of distended

First recorded in 1590–1600; distend + -ed2
Related formsdis·tend·ed·ly, adverbdis·tend·ed·ness, noun

distend

[dih-stend]
verb (used with or without object)
  1. to expand by stretching, as something hollow or elastic: Habitual overeating had distended his stomach.
  2. to spread in all directions; expand; swell: The sea distended about them.
Show More

Origin of distend

1375–1425; late Middle English (< Anglo-French destendre) < Latin distendere, equivalent to dis- dis-1 + tendere to stretch
Related formsdis·tend·er, nouno·ver·dis·tend, verbun·dis·tend, verb (used with object)

Synonyms

See more synonyms on Thesaurus.com
1. See expand. 1, 2. enlarge, bloat.

Antonyms

1, 2. shrink, contract.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for distended

Historical Examples

  • I spin the finest wool of our flocks, and drain the distended udders of our cows.

    Imogen

    William Godwin

  • The horse, with lathering neck and distended nostrils, paused before them.

    The Plunderer

    Roy Norton

  • Mills emitted an enormous cloud of smoke out of his distended cheeks.

    The Arrow of Gold

    Joseph Conrad

  • They shuddered, whinnied, glared with distended, bloodshot eyes.

    The Long Roll

    Mary Johnston

  • To begin with he distended himself so that he could not sink at all.


British Dictionary definitions for distended

distend

verb
  1. to expand or be expanded by or as if by pressure from within; swell; inflate
  2. (tr) to stretch out or extend
  3. (tr) to magnify in importance; exaggerate
Show More
Derived Formsdistender, noundistensible, adjectivedistensibility, noundistension or distention, noun

Word Origin

C14: from Latin distendere, from dis- 1 + tendere to stretch
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for distended

distend

v.

c.1400, from Latin distendere "to swell or stretch out, extend," from dis- "apart" (see dis-) + tendere "to stretch" (see tenet). Related: Distended; distending.

Show More
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

distended in Medicine

distend

(dĭ-stĕnd)
v.
  1. To swell out or expand or cause to swell out or expand from or as if from internal pressure.
Show More
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.