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down2

[doun]
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noun
  1. the soft, first plumage of many young birds.
  2. the soft under plumage of birds as distinct from the contour feathers.
  3. the under plumage of some birds, as geese and ducks, used for filling in quilts, clothing, etc., chiefly for warmth.
  4. a growth of soft, fine hair or the like.
  5. Botany.
    1. a fine, soft pubescence on plants and some fruits.
    2. the light, feathery pappus or coma on seeds by which they are borne on the wind, as on the dandelion and thistle.
adjective
  1. filled with down: a down jacket.

Origin of down2

1325–75; Middle English downe < Old Norse dūnn
Related formsdown·less, adjectivedown·like, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
British Dictionary definitions for downless

Down1

noun
  1. a district of SE Northern Ireland, in Co Down. Pop: 65 195 (2003 est). Area: 649 sq km (250 sq miles)
  2. a historical county of SE Northern Ireland, on the Irish Sea: generally hilly, rising to the Mountains of Mourne: in 1973 it was replaced for administrative purposes by the districts of Ards, Banbridge, Castlereagh, Down, Newry and Mourne, North Down, and part of Lisburn. Area: 2466 sq km (952 sq miles)

Down2

noun
  1. any of various lowland breeds of sheep, typically of stocky build and having dense close wool, originating from various parts of southern England, such as Oxford, Hampshire, etcSee also Dorset Down
  2. another name for Hampshire Down

down1

preposition
  1. used to indicate movement from a higher to a lower positionthey went down the mountain
  2. at a lower or further level or position on, in, or alonghe ran down the street
adverb
  1. downwards; at or to a lower level or positiondon't fall down
  2. (particle) used with many verbs when the result of the verb's action is to lower or destroy its objectpull down; knock down; bring down
  3. (particle) used with several verbs to indicate intensity or completioncalm down
  4. immediatelycash down
  5. on paperwrite this down
  6. arranged; scheduledthe meeting is down for next week
  7. in a helpless positionthey had him down on the ground
    1. away from a more important placedown from London
    2. away from a more northerly placedown from Scotland
    3. (of a member of some British universities) away from the university; on vacation
    4. in a particular part of a countrydown south
  8. nautical (of a helm) having the rudder to windward
  9. reduced to a state of lack or wantdown to the last pound
  10. lacking a specified amountat the end of the day the cashier was ten pounds down
  11. lower in pricebacon is down
  12. including all intermediate terms, grades, people, etcfrom managing director down to tea-lady
  13. from an earlier to a later timethe heirloom was handed down
  14. to a finer or more concentrated stateto grind down; boil down
  15. sport being a specified number of points, goals, etc behind another competitor, team, etcsix goals down
  16. (of a person) being inactive, owing to illnessdown with flu
  17. (functioning as imperative) (to dogs)down Rover!
  18. down with (functioning as imperative) wanting the end of somebody or somethingdown with the king!
  19. get down on something Australian and NZ to procure something, esp in advance of needs or in anticipation of someone else
adjective
  1. (postpositive) depressed or miserable
  2. (prenominal) of or relating to a train or trains from a more important place or one regarded as higherthe down line
  3. (postpositive) (of a device, machine, etc, esp a computer) temporarily out of action
  4. made in casha down payment
  5. down to the responsibility or fault ofthis defeat was down to me
  6. down with informal
    1. having a good understanding ofdown with computers
    2. in agreement withcompletely down with that idea
    3. enjoying mutual friendship and respect withdown with the kids
verb
  1. (tr) to knock, push or pull down
  2. (intr) to go or come down
  3. (tr) informal to drink, esp quicklyhe downed three gins
  4. (tr) to bring (someone) down, esp by tackling
noun
  1. American football one of a maximum of four consecutive attempts by one team to advance the ball a total of at least ten yards
  2. a descent; downward movement
  3. a lowering or a poor period (esp in the phrase ups and downs)
  4. have a down on informal to bear ill will towards (someone or something)

Word Origin

Old English dūne, short for adūne, variant of of dūne, literally: from the hill, from of, off + dūn hill; see down 3

down2

noun
  1. the soft fine feathers with free barbs that cover the body of a bird and prevent loss of heat. In the adult they lie beneath and between the contour feathers
  2. another name for eiderdown (def. 1)
  3. botany a fine coating of soft hairs, as on certain leaves, fruits, and seeds
  4. any growth or coating of soft fine hair, such as that on the human face

Word Origin

C14: of Scandinavian origin; related to Old Norse dūnn

down3

noun
  1. archaic a hill, esp a sand duneSee also downs (def. 1), Downs (def. 1)

Word Origin

Old English dūn; related to Old Frisian dūne, Old Saxon dūna hill, Old Irish dūn fortress, Greek this sandbank; see dune, town
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for downless

down

adv.

late Old English shortened form of Old English ofdune "downwards," from dune "from the hill," dative of dun "hill" (see down (n.2)). A sense development peculiar to English.

Used as a preposition since c.1500. Sense of "depressed mentally" is attested from c.1600. Slang sense of "aware, wide awake" is attested from 1812. Computer crash sense is from 1965. As a preposition from late 14c.; as an adjective from 1560s. Down-and-out is from 1889, American English, from situation of a beaten prizefighter. Down home (adj.) is 1931, American English; down the hatch as a toast is from 1931; down to the wire is 1901, from horse-racing. Down time is from 1952. Down under "Australia and New Zealand" attested from 1886; Down East "Maine" is from 1825.

down

n.1

"soft feathers," late 14c., from Old Norse dunn, perhaps ultimately from PIE root *dheu- (1) "to fly about (like dust), to rise in a cloud."

down

n.2

Old English dun "down, moor; height, hill, mountain," from Proto-Germanic *dunaz- (cf. Middle Dutch dunen "sandy hill," Dutch duin, "probably a pre-insular loan-word from Celtic" [Cambridge Dictionary of English Place-Names], in other words, borrowed at a very early period, before the Anglo-Saxon migration.

The non-English Germanic words tend to mean "dune, sand bank" (cf. dune), while the Celtic cognates tend to mean "hill, citadel" (cf. Old Irish dun "hill, hill fort;" Welsh din "fortress, hill fort;" and second element in place names London, Verdun, etc.).

From PIE root *dheue- "to close, finish, come full circle." Meaning "elevated rolling grassland" is from c.1300. German Düne, French dune, Italian, Spanish duna are said to be loan-words from Dutch.

down

v.

1560s, from down (adv.). Related: Downed; downing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Idioms and Phrases with downless

down

In addition to the idioms beginning with down

also see:

The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.