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escarp

[ih-skahrp]
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noun
  1. Fortification. the inner slope or wall of the ditch surrounding a rampart.
  2. any similar steep slope.
verb (used with object)
  1. to make into an escarp; give a steep slope to; furnish with escarps.

Origin of escarp

1680–90; < French, Middle French escarpe < Italian scarpa < Germanic; see scarp
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for escarp

Historical Examples

  • They have no ditches, but an escarp of ten feet in the lava.

    The Life of Gordon, Volume I</p>

    Demetrius Charles Boulger

  • Its principal use is to secure the escarp as long as possible.

    The Sailor's Word-Book

    William Henry Smyth

  • The escarp of Lunette 53 was successfully breached by this method.

  • The ladders were thrown down, but they were quickly again raised against the escarp.

    Our Soldiers

    W.H.G. Kingston

  • In fortification, a projecting turret on the top of the escarp, whence a sentry may observe the outside of the rampart.

    The Sailor's Word-Book

    William Henry Smyth


British Dictionary definitions for escarp

escarp

noun
  1. fortifications the inner side of the ditch separating besiegers and besiegedCompare counterscarp
verb
  1. a rare word for scarp (def. 3)

Word Origin

C17: from French escarpe; see scarp
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for escarp

n.

"steep slope," 1680s, from French escarpe (16c.), from Italian scarpa (see scarp).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

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