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[ih-streynjd] /ɪˈstreɪndʒd/
displaying or evincing a feeling of alienation; alienated.
Origin of estranged
First recorded in 1545-55; estrange + -ed2
Related forms
[ih-streyn-jid-nis, -streynjd-] /ɪˈstreɪn dʒɪd nɪs, -ˈstreɪndʒd-/ (Show IPA),
unestranged, adjective


[ih-streynj] /ɪˈstreɪndʒ/
verb (used with object), estranged, estranging.
to turn away in feeling or affection; make unfriendly or hostile; alienate the affections of:
Their quarrel estranged the two friends.
to remove to or keep at a distance:
The necessity for traveling on business has estranged him from his family.
to divert from the original use or possessor.
1475-85; < Middle French, Old French estranger; cognate with Portuguese estranhar, Spanish estrañar, Italian straniare < Medieval Latin exstrāneāre to treat as a stranger. See strange
Related forms
estrangement, noun
estranger, noun
self-estrangement, noun
Estrange, alienate, disaffect share the sense of causing (someone) to turn away from a previously held state of affection, comradeship, or allegiance. Estrange often implies replacement of love or belonging by apathy or hostility: erstwhile lovers estranged by a misunderstanding. Alienate often calls attention to the cause of antagonism or separation: His inconsiderate behavior alienated both friends and family. Disaffect usually refers to relationships involving allegiance or loyalty rather than love or affection: disaffected workers, demoralized by ill-considered management policies. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for estranged
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • We were all estranged from him, and yet I believe that he would have given his heart's blood for any of us.

    An Autobiography Anthony Trollope
  • He looked round for the old man, whom the title would have estranged for ever.

    The Dop Doctor Clotilde Inez Mary Graves
  • He had a cloudy recollection of a witty Frenchman who alluded to an estranged member of his family as his "distant brother."

    A Man's Hearth Eleanor M. Ingram
  • I am estranged from my husband, and my daughter dislikes and despises me.

    Caught In The Net Emile Gaboriau
  • But the old comrades, estranged by traitory, were never to clasp again.

    Helmet of Navarre Bertha Runkle
British Dictionary definitions for estranged


separated and living apart from one's spouse
no longer friendly; alienated


verb (transitive)
(usually passive) often foll by from. to separate and live apart from (one's spouse): he is estranged from his wife
(usually passive) often foll by from. to antagonize or lose the affection of (someone previously friendly); alienate
Derived Forms
estrangement, noun
Word Origin
C15: from Old French estranger, from Late Latin extrāneāre to treat as a stranger, from Latin extrāneus foreign; see strange
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for estranged



late 15c., from Middle French estrangier "to alienate," from Vulgar Latin *extraneare "to treat as a stranger," from Latin extraneus "foreign" (see strange). Related: Estranged.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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