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[ih-streynjd] /ɪˈstreɪndʒd/
displaying or evincing a feeling of alienation; alienated.
Origin of estranged
First recorded in 1545-55; estrange + -ed2
Related forms
[ih-streyn-jid-nis, -streynjd-] /ɪˈstreɪn dʒɪd nɪs, -ˈstreɪndʒd-/ (Show IPA),
unestranged, adjective


[ih-streynj] /ɪˈstreɪndʒ/
verb (used with object), estranged, estranging.
to turn away in feeling or affection; make unfriendly or hostile; alienate the affections of:
Their quarrel estranged the two friends.
to remove to or keep at a distance:
The necessity for traveling on business has estranged him from his family.
to divert from the original use or possessor.
1475-85; < Middle French, Old French estranger; cognate with Portuguese estranhar, Spanish estrañar, Italian straniare < Medieval Latin exstrāneāre to treat as a stranger. See strange
Related forms
estrangement, noun
estranger, noun
self-estrangement, noun
Estrange, alienate, disaffect share the sense of causing (someone) to turn away from a previously held state of affection, comradeship, or allegiance. Estrange often implies replacement of love or belonging by apathy or hostility: erstwhile lovers estranged by a misunderstanding. Alienate often calls attention to the cause of antagonism or separation: His inconsiderate behavior alienated both friends and family. Disaffect usually refers to relationships involving allegiance or loyalty rather than love or affection: disaffected workers, demoralized by ill-considered management policies. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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Examples from the Web for estranged
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • Found all changed and estranged, and, he fancied, more wonder than welcome.

    Poems William D. Howells
  • How talk, for instance, of the world and its pleasures to one who had been estranged from it!

    Barrington Charles James Lever
  • No sooner had I found my brother than I found him estranged from me in a hopeless cause.

    Kilgorman Talbot Baines Reed
  • The evidence of those who have been estranged from the Churches is worth considering.

    Personality in Literature Rolfe Arnold Scott-James
  • What chance was there of reconciliation with his estranged friends?

    Lord George Bentinck Benjamin Disraeli
British Dictionary definitions for estranged


separated and living apart from one's spouse
no longer friendly; alienated


verb (transitive)
(usually passive) often foll by from. to separate and live apart from (one's spouse): he is estranged from his wife
(usually passive) often foll by from. to antagonize or lose the affection of (someone previously friendly); alienate
Derived Forms
estrangement, noun
Word Origin
C15: from Old French estranger, from Late Latin extrāneāre to treat as a stranger, from Latin extrāneus foreign; see strange
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for estranged



late 15c., from Middle French estrangier "to alienate," from Vulgar Latin *extraneare "to treat as a stranger," from Latin extraneus "foreign" (see strange). Related: Estranged.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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