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[ik-spend] /ɪkˈspɛnd/
verb (used with object)
to use up:
She expended energy, time, and care on her work.
to pay out; disburse; spend.
Origin of expend
late Middle English
1400-50; late Middle English < Latin expendere to weigh out, lay out, pay
Related forms
expender, noun
overexpend, verb
preexpend, verb (used with object)
unexpended, adjective
well-expended, adjective
Can be confused
expand, expend (see synonym study at expand)
1. consume, empty. See spend. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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Examples from the Web for expend
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • So old a man had no energy to expend in the indirections of haste.

    The Forest Stewart Edward White
  • Reserve it for those who are your friends, and do not expend it on me.

    Barnaby Rudge Charles Dickens
  • You forget that he has twenty-five thousand dollars to expend.

    The Night Riders Ridgwell Cullum
  • Where had you learned its want, or acquired the taste to expend it?

    Confessions Of Con Cregan Charles James Lever
  • How much ingenuity did he expend to detect what had no existence!

    The Fortunes Of Glencore Charles James Lever
  • There had been little water, indeed, to expend on any toilet since leaving Winchester.

    The Long Roll Mary Johnston
British Dictionary definitions for expend


verb (transitive)
to spend; disburse
to consume or use up
Derived Forms
expender, noun
Word Origin
C15: from Latin expendere, from pendere to weigh
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for expend

early 15c., from Latin expendere "pay out, weigh out money," from ex- "out" (see ex-) + pendere "to pay, weigh" (see pendant). Related: Expended; expending.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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