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spend

[spend]
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verb (used with object), spent, spend·ing.
  1. to pay out, disburse, or expend; dispose of (money, wealth, resources, etc.): resisting the temptation to spend one's money.
  2. to employ (labor, thought, words, time, etc.), as on some object or in some proceeding: Don't spend much time on it.
  3. to pass (time) in a particular manner, place, etc.: We spent a few days in Baltimore.
  4. to use up, consume, or exhaust: The storm had spent its fury.
  5. to give (one's blood, life, etc.) for some cause.
verb (used without object), spent, spend·ing.
  1. to spend money, energy, time, etc.
  2. Obsolete. to be consumed or exhausted.

Origin of spend

1125–75; Middle English spenden, continuing Old English -spendan (in āspendan, forspendan to spend entirely or utterly) < West Germanic < Latin expendere to pay out, expend; compare German spenden
Related formsan·ti·spend·ing, adjectiveun·der·spend, verb, un·der·spent, un·der·spend·ing.un·spend·ing, adjective

Synonyms

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1. Spend, disburse, expend, squander refer to paying out money. Spend is the general word: We spend more for living expenses now. Disburse implies expending from a specific source or sum to meet specific obligations, or paying in definite allotments: The treasurer has authority to disburse funds. Expend is more formal, and implies spending for some definite and (usually) sensible or worthy object: to expend most of one's salary on necessities. Squander suggests lavish, wasteful, or foolish expenditure: to squander a legacy. 2. use, apply, devote.

Antonyms

1. earn, keep.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for spend

Contemporary Examples

Historical Examples

  • Men who take from the poor daily interest for a drachma, and spend it in debauchery.

    Philothea

    Lydia Maria Child

  • He ran over in his mind the friends with whom he could spend the time agreeably.

    The Spenders

    Harry Leon Wilson

  • And so to-night I am going to spend them, not prudently on bread, but prodigally on beer.

    Ballads of a Bohemian

    Robert W. Service

  • They waste the time one should spend in making them come true.

    Ballads of a Bohemian

    Robert W. Service

  • "To come home and read, or spend a social evening with a friend," George answered.

    Life in London

    Edwin Hodder


British Dictionary definitions for spend

spend

verb spends, spending or spent
  1. to pay out (money, wealth, etc)
  2. (tr) to concentrate (time, effort, thought, etc) upon an object, activity, etc
  3. (tr) to pass (time) in a specific way, activity, place, etc
  4. (tr) to use up completelythe hurricane spent its force
  5. (tr) to give up (one's blood, life, etc) in a cause
  6. (intr) obsolete to be used up or exhausted
  7. spend a penny British informal to urinate
noun
  1. an amount of money spent, esp regularly, or allocated to be spent
See also spends
Derived Formsspendable, adjective

Word Origin

Old English spendan, from Latin expendere; influenced also by Old French despendre to spend, from Latin dispendere; see expend, dispense
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for spend

v.

"to pay out or away" (money or wealth), Old English -spendan (in forspendan "use up"), from Latin expendere "to weigh out money, pay down" (see expend). A general Germanic borrowing (cf. Old High German spendon, German and Middle Dutch spenden, Old Norse spenna). In reference to labor, thoughts, time, etc., attested from c.1300.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Idioms and Phrases with spend

spend

The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.