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gall2

[gawl] /gɔl/
verb (used with object)
1.
to make sore by rubbing; chafe severely:
The saddle galled the horse's back.
2.
to vex or irritate greatly:
His arrogant manner galls me.
verb (used without object)
3.
to be or become chafed.
4.
Machinery. (of either of two engaging metal parts) to lose metal to the other because of heat or molecular attraction resulting from friction.
5.
Metallurgy. (of a die or compact in powder metallurgy) to lose surface material through adhesion to the die.
noun
6.
a sore on the skin, especially of a horse, due to rubbing; excoriation.
7.
something very vexing or irritating.
8.
a state of vexation or irritation.
Origin of gall2
1000
before 1000; Middle English galle (noun), gallen (v.) perhaps < Middle Dutch, Middle Low German gall, akin to Old English gealla sore on a horse
Related forms
ungalled, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for galled
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • It galled him to take the woman's wages, but it vexed him yet more to do her work.

    The Scapegoat Hall Caine
  • It galled me when I thought how sportsman-like I had been to attract their attention.

    Tales of Fishes Zane Grey
  • He had to live on her money, which galled him, and to be assisted by the Dean's money, which was wormwood to him.

    Is He Popenjoy?

    Anthony Trollope
  • I thought that he was galled to feel that he had been beaten by a novice.

    Recollections David Christie Murray
  • It grieves me much that when I came to soothe I have only galled thee.

    Alroy Benjamin Disraeli
  • This galled him severely, especially as she had refused to see him when he called.

    Under Fire Frank A. Munsey
  • Had they been real chains they could have galled him no more than at this moment.

  • She had never been in Europe, and it galled her to be out of the fashion.

    Make or Break Oliver Optic
British Dictionary definitions for galled

gall1

/ɡɔːl/
noun
1.
(informal) impudence
2.
bitterness; rancour
3.
something bitter or disagreeable
4.
(physiol) an obsolete term for bile1
5.
an obsolete term for gall bladder
Word Origin
from Old Norse, replacing Old English gealla; related to Old High German galla, Greek kholē

gall2

/ɡɔːl/
noun
1.
a sore on the skin caused by chafing
2.
something that causes vexation or annoyance: a gall to the spirits
3.
irritation; exasperation
verb
4.
(pathol) to abrade (the skin, etc) as by rubbing
5.
(transitive) to irritate or annoy; vex
Word Origin
C14: of Germanic origin; related to Old English gealla sore on a horse, and perhaps to gall1

gall3

/ɡɔːl/
noun
1.
an abnormal outgrowth in plant tissue caused by certain parasitic insects, fungi, bacteria, or mechanical injury
Word Origin
C14: from Old French galle, from Latin galla
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for galled

gall

n.1

"bile," Old English galla (Anglian), gealla (W. Saxon) "gall, bile," from Proto-Germanic *gallon- (cf. Old Norse gall, Old Saxon, Old High German galla, German Galle), from PIE root *ghel- "gold, yellow, yellowish-green" (see Chloe). Informal sense of "impudence, boldness" first recorded American English 1882; but meaning "embittered spirit, rancor" is from c.1200, from the medieval theory of humors. Gall bladder recorded from 1670s.

gall

n.2

"sore spot on a horse," Old English gealla "painful swelling," from Latin galla "gall, lump on plant," originally "oak apple," of uncertain origin. Perhaps from or influenced by gall (1) on notion of "poison-sore." German galle, Dutch gal also are from Latin.

gall

v.

"to make sore by chafing," mid-15c., from gall (n.2). Earlier "to have sores, be sore" (early 14c.). Figurative sense of "harass, irritate" is from 1570s. Related: Galled; galling.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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galled in Medicine

gall 1 (gôl)
n.
See bile.

gall 2 (gôl)
n.
A skin sore caused by friction and abrasion. v. galled, gall·ing, galls
To become irritated, chafed, or sore.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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galled in Science
gall
  (gôl)   
An abnormal swelling of plant tissue, caused by injury or by parasitic organisms such as insects, mites, nematodes, and bacteria. Parasites stimulate the production of galls by secreting chemical irritants on or in the plant tissue. Galls stimulated by egg-laying parasites typically provide a protective environment in which the eggs can hatch and the pupae develop, and they usually do only minor damage to the host plant. Gall-stimulating fungi and microorganisms, such as the bacterium that causes crown gall, are generally considered to be plant diseases.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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