- to make sore by rubbing; chafe severely: The saddle galled the horse's back.
- to vex or irritate greatly: His arrogant manner galls me.
- to be or become chafed.
- Machinery. (of either of two engaging metal parts) to lose metal to the other because of heat or molecular attraction resulting from friction.
- Metallurgy. (of a die or compact in powder metallurgy) to lose surface material through adhesion to the die.
- a sore on the skin, especially of a horse, due to rubbing; excoriation.
- something very vexing or irritating.
- a state of vexation or irritation.
Origin of gall2
Examples from the Web for galled
That must have galled Lehman, who is twenty years younger than Hitchcock.Alfred Hitchcock’s Fade to Black: The Great Director’s Final Days
December 13, 2014
Galled by the stranglehold of the religious right, he has challenged the party to open itself up to young voters and new ideas.The Next McCain?
May 18, 2009
It galled him to take the woman's wages, but it vexed him yet more to do her work.The Scapegoat
It galled me when I thought how sportsman-like I had been to attract their attention.Tales of Fishes
He had to live on her money, which galled him, and to be assisted by the Dean's money, which was wormwood to him.Is He Popenjoy?
I thought that he was galled to feel that he had been beaten by a novice.Recollections
David Christie Murray
It grieves me much that when I came to soothe I have only galled thee.Alroy
- a sore on the skin caused by chafing
- something that causes vexation or annoyancea gall to the spirits
- irritation; exasperation
- pathol to abrade (the skin, etc) as by rubbing
- (tr) to irritate or annoy; vex
- an abnormal outgrowth in plant tissue caused by certain parasitic insects, fungi, bacteria, or mechanical injury
Word Origin and History for galled
"bile," Old English galla (Anglian), gealla (W. Saxon) "gall, bile," from Proto-Germanic *gallon- (cf. Old Norse gall, Old Saxon, Old High German galla, German Galle), from PIE root *ghel- "gold, yellow, yellowish-green" (see Chloe). Informal sense of "impudence, boldness" first recorded American English 1882; but meaning "embittered spirit, rancor" is from c.1200, from the medieval theory of humors. Gall bladder recorded from 1670s.
"sore spot on a horse," Old English gealla "painful swelling," from Latin galla "gall, lump on plant," originally "oak apple," of uncertain origin. Perhaps from or influenced by gall (1) on notion of "poison-sore." German galle, Dutch gal also are from Latin.
- An abnormal swelling of plant tissue, caused by injury or by parasitic organisms such as insects, mites, nematodes, and bacteria. Parasites stimulate the production of galls by secreting chemical irritants on or in the plant tissue. Galls stimulated by egg-laying parasites typically provide a protective environment in which the eggs can hatch and the pupae develop, and they usually do only minor damage to the host plant. Gall-stimulating fungi and microorganisms, such as the bacterium that causes crown gall, are generally considered to be plant diseases.