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incur

[in-kur] /ɪnˈkɜr/
verb (used with object), incurred, incurring.
1.
to come into or acquire (some consequence, usually undesirable or injurious):
to incur a huge number of debts.
2.
to become liable or subject to through one's own action; bring or take upon oneself:
to incur his displeasure.
Origin of incur
late Middle English
1400-1450
1400-50; late Middle English < Latin incurrere to run into, come upon, equivalent to in- in-2 + currere to run; see current
Related forms
incurrable, adjective
reincur, verb (used with object), reincurred, reincurring.
self-incurred, adjective
Synonyms
2. arouse, incite, provoke.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for incurred
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • But nevertheless he could not leave it behind since it was for this he had incurred his present peril.

    Brave and Bold Horatio Alger
  • The chagrin of his rival was to pay for all the inconvenience which he incurred himself.

    The Black Tulip Alexandre Dumas (Pere)
  • Paris, however, was an ocean; it was there that he incurred the least risk of capture.

  • Whoever failed to answer my questions, in those days, incurred my forgiveness.

    The Cavalier George Washington Cable
  • It startled him to discover that the thought that he had incurred her anger gave him concern.

    Captain Blood Rafael Sabatini
British Dictionary definitions for incurred

incur

/ɪnˈkɜː/
verb (transitive) -curs, -curring, -curred
1.
to make oneself subject to (something undesirable); bring upon oneself
2.
to run into or encounter
Derived Forms
incurrable, adjective
Word Origin
C16: from Latin incurrere to run into, from currere to run
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for incurred

incur

v.

early 15c., from Anglo-French encurir, Middle French encourir, from Latin incurrere "run into or against, rush at, make an attack;" figuratively, "to befall, happen, occur to," from in- "upon" (see in- (2)) + currere "to run" (see current (adj.)). Related: Incurred; incurring.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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