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injury

[in-juh-ree]
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noun, plural in·ju·ries.
  1. harm or damage that is done or sustained: to escape without injury.
  2. a particular form or instance of harm: an injury to one's shoulder; an injury to one's pride.
  3. wrong or injustice done or suffered.
  4. Law. any wrong or violation of the rights, property, reputation, etc., of another for which legal action to recover damages may be made.
  5. Obsolete. injurious speech; calumny.

Origin of injury

1350–1400; Middle English injurie < Latin injūria unlawful conduct, injustice, equivalent to in- in-3 + jūr-, stem of jūs right, law (see jus, just1) + -ia -ia
Related formsnon·in·ju·ry, noun, plural non·in·ju·ries.re·in·ju·ry, noun, plural re·in·ju·ries.self-in·ju·ry, noun, plural self·-in·ju·ries.

Synonyms

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1. destruction, ruin, impairment, mischief. 1–3. Injury, hurt, wound refer to impairments or wrongs. Injury, originally denoting a wrong done or suffered, is hence used for any kind of evil, impairment, or loss, caused or sustained: physical injury; injury to one's reputation. Hurt suggests especially physical injury, often bodily injury attended with pain: a bad hurt from a fall. A wound is usually a physical hurt caused by cutting, shooting, etc., or an emotional hurt: a serious wound in the shoulder; to inflict a wound by betraying someone's trust.

Antonyms

1. benefit.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for injury

Contemporary Examples

Historical Examples

  • Who among you ever received an injury from that kind old man?

    Philothea

    Lydia Maria Child

  • I am sure the injury you speak of could not have happened when he was in charge.

    Brave and Bold

    Horatio Alger

  • But tell me why you think my endeavours to make you believe as I did never did you injury?

    Life in London

    Edwin Hodder

  • But the passengers' right of action for injury would be very limited.

    Flying Machines

    W.J. Jackman and Thos. H. Russell

  • I saw that he feared me and wished to make sure that I had it not in my power to do him some injury.

    Green Mansions

    W. H. Hudson


British Dictionary definitions for injury

injury

noun plural -ries
  1. physical damage or hurt
  2. a specific instance of thisa leg injury
  3. harm done to a reputation
  4. law a violation or infringement of another person's rights that causes him harm and is actionable at law
  5. an obsolete word for insult

Word Origin

C14: from Latin injūria injustice, wrong, from injūriōsus acting unfairly, wrongful, from in- 1 + jūs right
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for injury

n.

late 14c., "harm, damage, loss; a specific injury," from Anglo-French injurie "wrongful action," from Latin injuria "wrong, hurt, injustice, insult," noun use of fem. of injurius "wrongful, unjust," from in- "not, opposite of" (see in- (1)) + ius (genitive iuris) "right, law" (see jurist).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

injury in Medicine

injury

(ĭnjə-rē)
n.
  1. Damage, harm, or loss, as from trauma.
  2. A particular form of hurt, damage, or loss.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Idioms and Phrases with injury

injury

The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.